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  • 1999-04-05T23:00:00-05:00 on Discovery
  • 45 mins
  • 3 hours, 0 mins
  • United States
  • Documentary

Discovery Channel (formerly The Discovery Channel from 1985 to 1995, and often referred to as simply "Discovery") is an American basic cable and satellite television channel (which is also delivered via IPTV, terrestrial television and internet television in other parts of the world).

23 episodes

1999x01 Nazis: The Occult Conspiracy

  • Season Premiere

    1999-04-05T23:00:00-05:00 — 45 mins

New evidence has suggested that Nazism was not just a political movement but an occult religion with Hitler as the Messiah...

1999x02 If We Had No Moon

  • 1999-05-29T23:00:00-05:00 — 45 mins

What would life on earth be like without the moon? Well, chances are, there wouldn't be any life on earth without the moon. Life - if it had started at all - would still be in the earliest stages of evolution. Scientists use the latest computer simulations to show how an ancient rogue planet - Orpheus - collided with the earth millions of years ago, producing a sizable chunk of debris that eventually became our moon. If that collision had never occurred, we would live in a very different place. Imagine a moon-less weather report - blizzards over the Sahara, flood waters swallowing the Pyramids, 90-degree temperatures in Antarctica. As the earth wobbles on its axis - unsecured by the moon's gravitational pull - the polar caps would grow and recede at frightening rates. And without the moon, our planet would spin much faster - meaning four-hour days and searing temperatures. Worse yet, evidence reveals that we are in fact losing our grip on our lunar friend thanks to the ebb and flow of the oceans' tides. Experts reveal theories for salvaging the moon - including hijacking Europa from Jupiter - and demonstrate how we can prepare ourselves for our eventual life without it.

"Napoleon's Obsession: The Quest for Egypt" details the real facts behind a little-known account in Napoleon's illustrious military career. Those who do know of the French leader's invasion of Egypt, and the so-called Battle of the Pyramids, may have fallen victim to one of the best public relations campaigns in history. As we learn in this documentary, hosted by renown Egyptologist Bob Brier, Bonaparte's attempt to conquer Eqypt was nothing short of an exercise in vanity. By 1798, General Bonaparte was looking for new military challenges after conquering Europe. He turned his sights on the historical and symbolic wealth of Egypt and The East. Economical with everything except the lives of his men, Bonaparte was ill prepared for this invasion and marched his troops from Alexandria through 130-degree desert heat in woolen uniforms and with very little water. Napoleon had a few victories, including a melee against the defending Mamelukes of Cairo, which became know as the Battle of the Pyramids (in reality, it was fought in a melon patch, miles from the city). On the whole, the campaign was disastrous; the French Fleet had a nasty encounter with Admiral Nelson, and the troops were stranded in Egypt without reinforcements or supplies. Napoleon's reaction? He commissioned paintings of victories and wrote glowing letters. He even returned to France a hero after sneaking out of Egypt in the middle of the night, leaving his men behind, and not even informing his second in command. Thankfully, Brier reminds us several times throughout the production of the practical contributions Napoleon made from this ill-conceived campaign. To Egypt he brought several artists, scholars and scientists and established the Institut de l'Egypte. Their work and the soldiers' looting led to the discovery of the Rosetta stone and the birth of modern Egyptology. But while these contributions are impressive, Bonaparte's campaign in Egypt included horrible atrocities against Turkish civilians. Still, Brier's enthusiasm brings to life the many illustrations, some by Institut de l'Egypte's own Vivant Denon, which are combined with stunning footage of Egypt and the landscapes and sites along the French army's campaign road. In addition, crisp editing by James Marshall and concise direction by Peter Spry-Leverton make for an informative and handsomely packed hour of entertainment.

It annoys us, it attacks us and it makes us itch. But, more than that, of all the great hunters and predators that stalk the planet, it is the one that has taken more human lives than any other: the mosquito. But it is an unwitting killer. Each year, all around the world, 700 Million people are infected with mosquito-borne illnesses... 3 million of them die. And the numbers are rising, the diseases are adapting and evolving. We are caught in a battle against the mosquito, a race against time to learn more about this formidable foe, this enemy with a thirst for blood.

1999x07 Eyewitness to Jesus

  • 1999-01-07T23:00:00-06:00 — 45 mins

A fragment of papyrus that has recently been re-discovered could be the link that can date the Gospel of Matthew all the way back to a time contemporary to the life of Jesus. The Gospel of Matthew may have been written by someone who actually witnessed events in the life of Jesus, a possible eyewitness to the last supper and perhaps even the crucifixion. Matthew D'Ancona of Magdelene College in Oxford travels from Egypt to the Holy Land in pursuit of the evidence that can prove this papyrus was written during the life and times of Jesus.

1999x09 Ancient Astronauts

  • no air date — 45 mins

To many who see them, the legacies of the ancients are beyond understanding: Strange creatures, exotic spirits, mysterious gods, architectural marvels. Researchers still debate their origin and meaning. They appear unearthly, alien, leading some to believe the knowledge of the ancients arrived from another world. What strange forces were at work here? Did alien gods instruct our ancestors or is there another explanation hidden in history? Other clues, strewn through human antiquity, may yet reveal the real ancient astronauts.

1999x10 Eye on the World - The Camera at War

  • 1999-06-29T23:00:00-05:00 — 45 mins

For over a century the camera has been war's most efficient spy, keeping watch over the enemy, helping to predict enemy movements and guiding missiles to their targets. Now from its position in space camera has brought the earth and all its battlegrounds under constant and silent surveillance. But is the camera and its all-seeing eye a force for good or evil? How often has the information provided by the camera been misinterpreted, how often has it misled with deadly consequences ? Nothing stops the camera now, the camera and its related imaginery can see through clouds and at night, though it can't tell the difference between truth and the lie. 'Eye on the World' traces the rise of the camera from the balloon tethered above the enemy lines to its position in orbit. Precise Media Productions for Discovery Networks Europe

1999x14 Peru's City of Ghosts

  • no air date — 45 mins

Join a team of archaeologists and the Discovery Channel in an investigation into the mysterious lines of the Nazca region in Peru. Created by the Nazcas, these huge sculptures are only visible from the sky and depict people, animal, geometric forms, and strange creatures. See a premier exhibition of pottery and textiles, musical instruments, and mummies from this long-forgotten, pre-Columbian civilization and visit Cahuachi, a buried city of pyramids and ceremonial buildings which may have once been the religious capital of the Nazca people.

Taken prisoner during the African campaign, Arthur Dodd was one of the few prisoners of war to find himself dispatched to the hellish concentration camps of Auschwitz. A witness to the inhumane treatment of prisoners by the Nazis, he managed to take part in a prison escape and assisted Polish partisans in sabotaging the camp's generator. Recaptured and returned to the camp, Dodd would later be forced to participate in the 'death march' as the Nazis retreated from the advancing allies, attempting to destroy any evidence of their acts before leaving. The horrors witnessed and endured by Dodd were only magnified when he returned home to a disbelieving nation. Leon Greenman, a British Jew in Auschwitz at the same time as Dodd, offers his own powerful testimony of the time.

Born Guido Zembsch-Schreve in Switzerland of Dutch parents, the man whose codename would be Pierre Lalande spoke Dutch, French, German, and English. In Britain, Lalande was recruited by the secret service in operation at that time, and tested with the entrapment of a female traitor. His success in this role led to his assignment to France, where he soon set up an escape network that would save hundreds of lives. Lalande was captured and deported to the slave labor camp of Dora, where the Nazi's secret V2 rocket was being developed. His assistance in sabotaging the V2 and records that he kept would help both the war effort and war crimes investigations.

Ian Bell was captured by Rommel's army in North Africa and dispatched to a prison camp, The Citadel, in Italy. A daring escape, accomplished by grabbing onto the axle of a moving goods train, led Bell into the company of the partisans in the Apennines. Working with them, he undertook many raids on German troops until he was recaptured and returned to a very different Citadel. As the war had progressed, the prison had become a virtual slaughterhouse. A quick-witted Bell managed to save himself from the firing squad, only to be brutally tortured by the Gestapo. At the war's end Bell was recruited as a Nazi hunter and took pride in his successes. But was the notorious Martin Bormann allowed to slip through his fingers?

They were the men and women who risked their lives at the front line to send the story home. Everywhere the soldiers went, it was their job to go too. Some never returned. Claire Hollingworth, a newspaper reporter assigned to Poland, took a shopping trip into Germany one summer afternoon and inadvertently discovered Hitler's troops massing on the border. Her report broke the news of Poland's invasion on September 1st. Billy Jordan, assigned to the Desert Campaign, found himself filming a turning point, the Battle of El Alamein. Later assignments in Tunis and Monte Cassino almost cost him his life. Harry Oaks, dispatched to film the liberation of a prisoner of war camp, found himself in the heart of never-before-seen horror at the concentration camp of Belsen.

Created by Winston Churchill to prepare Europe for the coming invasion, the Special Operations Executive would work with the French Resistance behind enemy lines, attacking military and economic targets following Churchill's orders to "set Europe ablaze." A war correspondent-turned soldier, George Millar's knowledge of France proved invaluable as he and the French Resistance derailed supply trains and sabotaged railway lines, bringing German supplies and troop movements to virtual standstill. How he survived a number of close calls, which took the lives of those around him, is only part of the story of one British soldier undercover, codename: Emil.

Winston Churchill recognized that in the Jewish population he had a hard core of potential soldiers both driven and dedicated to bringing down the Nazi regime. The Jewish Brigade would fight under its own flag making an enormous contribution to the war effort. Edmund de Rothschild joined as Captain of a Battery that comprised Jewish soldiers from 50 different countries. Mark Hyatt recounts how captured German soldiers faced the humiliation of surrendering to relatives of those they had in turn humiliated and murdered. Some of those captured would never make it home. At the end of the war, the Brigade found itself torn between humanity and army regulations as supplies and transport were put to use aiding the torrent of Jewish refugees throughout Europe. With growing support for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, these British Jews would soon find their weapons turned against their fellow countrymen in the struggle to establish the State of Israel.

1999x21 The Race for the Poles

  • no air date — 45 mins

This amazing story tells the tale of those brave and ambitious adventurers who sought to be the first men to stand on the Earth's geographical poles. Their names - Peary, Cook, Amundsen, and Scott - will forever be synonymous with the frozen regions they sought to conquer. This fascinating and informative program presents new insights into the events surrounding these adventurers and their missions of discovery to the north and south poles. At the beginning of 20th century there were only 2 regions of our planet that were completely undiscovered and Arctic and Antarctic were still unknown and mysterious parts of the globe. Many have tried and many have failed to become the first to reach the end of the world and this documentary is the chronology famous explorers endeavors to become the first people to reach North and South Pole. This two-hour special chronicles the race to be the first to reach the North and South Poles, and of the men who led those expeditions: Robert Peary, Frederick Cook, Roald Amundsen, Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton.

1999x22 Savage Sun

  • no air date — 45 mins

It is the largest body in our solar system. Internal temperatures can reach millions of degrees Celsius and surface explosions leap tens of thousands of kilometers into space. It is the most awe inspiring and fearsome body in our solar system, yet, without it, life on earth could not exist. Viewers will come away with a greater appreciation of this mighty body and the way it influences every aspect of life on earth.

The world’s first underground railway was opened over one hundred years ago on January 10, 1863 in London. The first underground trains were moved by steam engines. Expansion lines were added using a cut and cover method of construction. This underground system of rail lines is still growing through the present day with the latest line expected to carry an incredible 30,000 people per hour in each direction!

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