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  • History
  • 1995-08-04T04:00:00Z
  • 60 mins
  • 17 days, 5 hours, 0 mins
  • United States
  • Documentary
The History Channel is a satellite and cable TV channel, devoted mainly to historical events and persons. Programming covers a wide array of periods and topics, while similar topics are often organized into themed weeks or daily marathons. Subjects include military history, medieval history, the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries, modern engineering, and historical biographies.

723 episodes

He is mythology's greatest and most celebrated hero, a towering figure whose name is synonymous with strength itself. The son of a mortal woman who was seduced by Zeus, Hercules was the mightiest of all humans. His celebrated 12 labors took him to the very ends of the earth and beyond as he fought fearsome creatures, battled injustice and defied even the gods themselves. Journey back to Ancient Greece to discover the origins of this epic hero. Probe the true meaning of his labors, and see how Hercules' divine power is balanced by very human frailty.

Special 4 Angels and Demons Decoded

  • 2009-05-10T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

The Da Vinci Code was a smash hit novel and blockbuster movie, now experts investigate the fascinating truths, mysteries and secrets behind Dan Brown's preceding book, Angels and Demons.

Historically speaking, it shouldn't come as a huge surprise that Hitler and Stalin forged an alliance: the totalitarian demagogues stood on very similar footing as paragons of all that is base and evil when ruling their respective Germany and U.S.S.R. But the similarities run deeper than some might initially realize: both men grew up with abusive, domineering fathers and overprotective mothers; both shunned their backgrounds and expressed disdain over their physical appearances; and both rose to power with an iron fist at exactly the same moment in history. This documentary special from The History Channel draws these and other parallels between the two men in an attempt to ascertain what emotional, psychological, psychosocial and mental factors could prompt an individual to lead a nation to ruin and commit mass genocide - the Great Purge in Stalin's case, the Final Solution in Hitler's. In relaying its disturbing yet illuminating account, the program utilizes such elements as rare archival footage, incisive analysis from historians and psychologists, and much more.

Special 9 Superhuman

  • 2009-04-17T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

If you think that people with superhuman abilities are only found in comic books or in Hollywood movies--think again. In Superhuman, our superhuman host will travel around the world to meet the real life "X-Men" and "Heroes"--the people with truly remarkable powers. These include The Real Spiderman, The Real Aqua Man, The Strongest Girl In The World, Million Volt Man, and The Girl with X-ray Eyes, The Man Who Can See in the Future, The Real Bat Boy and The Human Magnet.

Special 13 Beyond the Da Vinci Code

  • 2005-01-12T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

The Da Vinci Code has raised questions about religion art and faith across the globe. Now take a 2000 year journey through time to examine the surprising truths and controversial ideas set forth in Dan Brown's worldwide bestseller.

Special 14 Bigfoot: The Definitive Guide

  • 2011-02-02T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

A team of top scientists come together with one goal to create the definitive guide to Bigfoot. Does the creature exist? And if it does where is it? And how can it survive without being detected? Using a new interactive map the team has plotted more than 10,000 Bigfoot type sightings from around the world. These sightings are of an unidentified creature which walks on two legs and is covered in a thick layer of hair. Many of theses sightings date back over 100 years. With their expert knowledge of the natural world they are able to dismiss nearly 90% of the sightings, but what emerges is a series of global hotspots that cannot be explained which indicate that something is out there. The team examines these global hotspots and searches for explanations including new theories that suggest we may have been looking for the wrong creature all along?

History Channel DVD box set. "Tragic mistakes and fatal decisions that changed the course of the war"

Special 16 Scotland's Essential History

  • 2007-10-29T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Scotland's Essential History is a one-hour special filmed for the History Channel in which Scottish archaeologist and historian Neil Oliver takes a revealing journey through the history of one of the world’s oldest nations.

Special 17 Curse of the Axe

  • no air date — 60 mins

Curse of the Axe tells the story of a recent archaeological discovery that will fundamentally change viewers' understanding of North American life before the arrival of the Europeans. A team of world-renowned archaeologists has unearthed the largest and most complex Huron First Nations village ever found. The village, which they dub 'Mantle', contains 90 longhouses surrounded by a high, defensive three-row wooden wall, or "palisade" that required the Hurons to cut down 60,000 trees - using only stone axes! Beyond the walls the Huron cultivated 80 square kilometers of cornfields (larger than present-day Metropolitan Toronto) - enough to feed its thousands of inhabitants. But the revelations – and the mysteries - do not end with the village itself. Compounding the mystery of this remarkable discovery is a second, shocking discovery. During the excavation, a mysterious metal object is found, buried with great care and respect. It is made of iron – a material totally alien to the Huron. The object is believed to be some kind of blade, perhaps once part of an axe. But the stunning discovery raised more questions than it answered. How did a piece of European iron get to Mantle almost 100 years before the arrival of the first Europeans in this part of the world? Where did it come from? And why did the people of Mantle bury it?

The new Second Narrows Bridge was built across the Burrard Inlet to replace the old bridge, which had been repeatedly hit by ships ever since its opening. In June of 1958 a group of 59 workers were building the sixth span of the bridge. Without warning, the span’s front end drooped downwards and collapsed into the water. Men were thrown into the water or dragged down into the wreckage, attached to the steel beams by safety belts. Eighteen men died in the accident.

1x04 Lost Nuke

  • no air date — 60 mins

13th of February, 1950. The beginning of the cold war. Off the west coast of Canada, United States Airforce Bomber 075 was engaged in a top secret mission. Deep inside the bomb bay, weaponeer Ted Shrier was arming a mark four nuclear weapon, when suddenly, the airplane began to malfunction. Without warning, two of the six engines burst into flames. Shrier struggled to make safe the weapon as the B36 began to plummet out of the sky. Moments later the bomber suffered a final blow, as a third engine was engulfed by fire. As 075 entered restricted arispace over Canada, the pilot ordered his crew of 17 to prepare to abandon the crippled airplane. Just before midnight, the nuclear bomber disappeared from the radar screen.

An investigation into the 400-year-old Prophecy of the Roman Popes, unearthed at the end of last century and thought by some to be the lost book of philosopher Nostradamus.

1x06 Israel's Six Day War

  • no air date — 60 mins

The Six Day War was a turning point in the history of the Middle East. The conflict would re-draw the map of the region and leave a legacy that has remained with us to this day.

1x08 The Volkswagen Beetle

  • no air date — 60 mins

The antithesis of the big, flashy American car, this little economic car was the best-selling car in automotive history. A truly international phenomenon, the German Volkswagen's efficiency, ease of driving, and simple design provided millions with basic, cheap, and reliable transportation. It's easily recognizable shape dotted the landscape from New York to Paris to Berlin and beyond, and became an icon for a generation in the 1960s and 1970s.

From a once seething hellish mass of molten rock to the world that inhabits life today take a rollercoaster ride through the entire history of Planet Earth. Its 4.5 billion year epic a story of unimaginable timescales earth-shattering forces incredible life forms radical climates and mass extinctions. Discover how the continents were formed canyons were carved and why the world's animals live where they do.

London Spring 1941. Columns of Wehrmacht soldiers made their way along the Mall, swastikas hang from Buckingham Palace and Messerschmitts and Junkers scream low overhead - a potent symbol of Nazi victory. The Germans have conquered the capital and are furthering their advance northwards. Churchill and his government have gone into hiding... What would have happened if the Nazis had invaded Britain? Would the British people have bravely resisted their tyranny, as did thousands in Occupied Europe? Or would they have quietly towed the line for fear of the terrible consequences for their families? The world would be a very different place. “Hitler’s Britain” is the story of what the Nazis planned to do after they invaded in 1941. It also tells for the first time on television, the remarkable story of the British Resistance movement. Using the latest computer graphics, this television series shows in the most vivid way possible the reality of what would have happened to Britain if it had become an outpost of Hitler’s Thousand Year Reich.

London Spring 1941. Columns of Wehrmacht soldiers made their way along the Mall, swastikas hang from Buckingham Palace and Messerschmitts and Junkers scream low overhead - a potent symbol of Nazi victory. The Germans have conquered the capital and are furthering their advance northwards. Churchill and his government have gone into hiding... What would have happened if the Nazis had invaded Britain? Would the British people have bravely resisted their tyranny, as did thousands in Occupied Europe? Or would they have quietly towed the line for fear of the terrible consequences for their families? The world would be a very different place. “Hitler’s Britain” is the story of what the Nazis planned to do after they invaded in 1941. It also tells for the first time on television, the remarkable story of the British Resistance movement. Using the latest computer graphics, this television series shows in the most vivid way possible the reality of what would have happened to Britain if it had become an outpost of Hitler’s Thousand Year Reich

1x12 How The Earth Was Made

  • no air date — 60 mins

From a once seething hellish mass of molten rock to the world that inhabits life today take a rollercoaster ride through the entire history of Planet Earth. Its 4.5 billion year epic a story of unimaginable timescales earth-shattering forces incredible life forms radical climates and mass extinctions. Discover how the continents were formed canyons were carved and why the world's animals live where they do.

London Spring 1941. Columns of Wehrmacht soldiers made their way along the Mall, swastikas hang from Buckingham Palace and Messerschmitts and Junkers scream low overhead - a potent symbol of Nazi victory. The Germans have conquered the capital and are furthering their advance northwards. Churchill and his government have gone into hiding... What would have happened if the Nazis had invaded Britain? Would the British people have bravely resisted their tyranny, as did thousands in Occupied Europe? Or would they have quietly towed the line for fear of the terrible consequences for their families? The world would be a very different place. “Hitler’s Britain” is the story of what the Nazis planned to do after they invaded in 1941. It also tells for the first time on television, the remarkable story of the British Resistance movement. Using the latest computer graphics, this television series shows in the most vivid way possible the reality of what would have happened to Britain if it had become an outpost of Hitler’s Thousand Year Reich.

London Spring 1941. Columns of Wehrmacht soldiers made their way along the Mall, swastikas hang from Buckingham Palace and Messerschmitts and Junkers scream low overhead - a potent symbol of Nazi victory. The Germans have conquered the capital and are furthering their advance northwards. Churchill and his government have gone into hiding... What would have happened if the Nazis had invaded Britain? Would the British people have bravely resisted their tyranny, as did thousands in Occupied Europe? Or would they have quietly towed the line for fear of the terrible consequences for their families? The world would be a very different place. “Hitler’s Britain” is the story of what the Nazis planned to do after they invaded in 1941. It also tells for the first time on television, the remarkable story of the British Resistance movement. Using the latest computer graphics, this television series shows in the most vivid way possible the reality of what would have happened to Britain if it had become an outpost of Hitler’s Thousand Year Reich

1x15 Hitlers Plan To Atom Bomb New York

  • 2008-01-26T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

In 1944, the Nazi top brass believed that a rudimentary nuclear weapon might soon be within their scientists' grasp. Hitler, desperate to turn the tide of the war, hatched a secret plan for an aircraft that would usher in the age of global terrorism – the 'Amerika Bomber'. This would deliver the hoped-for 'wonder weapon' directly on to the biggest target of them all: New York City. Hitler's Plan to Atom Bomb New York uncovers the astonishing competition that was held between Germany's top aviation designers to build a completely new aircraft capable of carrying and dropping the bomb on the towers of Manhattan. They included a giant V-rocket that would later provide the basis for the Apollo missions, and a high-altitude craft with fundamental similarities to the modern space shuttle. The winner of the competition – a huge V-winged jet plane capable of crossing the Atlantic and returning in a single flight – was rushed into production. The film tells the story of how close the 'Amerika Bomber' came into being before an Allied mission put an end to the project once and for all.

Dinosaurs roamed and ruled earth for more than 150-million years, then suddenly vanished leaving only fossils to fascinate and befuddle us. In a feature-length unique approach to historical analysis of these creatures, we don't focus on the latest technology or the most controversial theory. Instead, we look chronologically at what we've gotten wrong about dinosaurs throughout the short history of scientific study of these magnificent, misunderstood creatures, and see where paleontologists are digging today.

Throughout history there have been legendary artifacts that have captured the imagination of adventurers everywhere. While belief in their existence seems to fly in the face of reason and science, there have been those who have devoted their lives to their discovery. One man has looked for some of these remarkable treasures. He is Indiana Jones--professor of archeology and an adventurer who has uncovered some of the world's greatest mysteries. But Dr. Jones is just a fictitious character and it's widely assumed that the artifacts he searched for were also figments of a writer's imagination. But were they?

1x18 Ape to Man

  • no air date — 60 mins

Scientists glimpse the lives of ancestral humans.

Dinosaurs roamed and ruled earth for more than 150-million years, then suddenly vanished leaving only fossils to fascinate and befuddle us. In a feature-length unique approach to historical analysis of these creatures, we don't focus on the latest technology or the most controversial theory. Instead, we look chronologically at what we've gotten wrong about dinosaurs throughout the short history of scientific study of these magnificent, misunderstood creatures, and see where paleontologists are digging today.

1x20 The AntiChrist

  • no air date — 60 mins

How would you recognize the most evil person on Earth? According to many historical texts, you should look for a brilliant, enigmatic public figure who transforms the world for good--for a while. Basically, the last person you'd tap as Satan's human emissary. While many believe the Antichrist has come and gone, just as many believe he will soon arrive, if he's not already in our midst. Join us for harrowing two-hour look at an evil so obscure that he answers only to Satan. Real? Our group of prophecy believers and historical experts help sort it out. We follow the emergence of the Antichrist from pre-Judaic texts, through the Book of Daniel and Revelation, into Christian writings of the Middle Ages, and other religious traditions as well. Aided by interviewees both religious and secular, comprised of eminent clergy, scholars, historians, psychologists, and culture makers, we'll examine the evil enigma from every conceivable angle.

1x21 The Lost Pyramid

  • no air date — 60 mins

Travel to Egypt and join a team of archaeologists who have uncovered what evidence reveals is the lost fourth pyramid of Giza. Djedefre, son of the great Khufu, would stamp his supremacy by erecting the highest pyramid ever built, towering some 60 feet above Khufu's Great Pyramid of Giza. This is the story of the most powerful, prolific, and arguably, the most cruel and debauched of all Egypt's dynasties.

1x22 Batman Tech

  • no air date — 60 mins

Since his debut in DC Comics in 1939, Batman has dazzled readers with an amazing array of bat gadgets. Viewers will go deep inside the Batcave to examine these incredible tools--many of them inspired by amazing real-life military developments. Discover just how close they come to real-life technology.

1x23 The AntiChrist

  • no air date — 60 mins

How would you recognize the most evil person on Earth? According to many historical texts, you should look for a brilliant, enigmatic public figure who transforms the world for good--for a while. Basically, the last person you'd tap as Satan's human emissary. While many believe the Antichrist has come and gone, just as many believe he will soon arrive, if he's not already in our midst. Join us for harrowing two-hour look at an evil so obscure that he answers only to Satan. Real? Our group of prophecy believers and historical experts help sort it out. We follow the emergence of the Antichrist from pre-Judaic texts, through the Book of Daniel and Revelation, into Christian writings of the Middle Ages, and other religious traditions as well. Aided by interviewees both religious and secular, comprised of eminent clergy, scholars, historians, psychologists, and culture makers, we'll examine the evil enigma from every conceivable angle.

1x24 The Lost Pyramid

  • no air date — 60 mins

Travel to Egypt and join a team of archaeologists who have uncovered what evidence reveals is the lost fourth pyramid of Giza. Djedefre, son of the great Khufu, would stamp his supremacy by erecting the highest pyramid ever built, towering some 60 feet above Khufu's Great Pyramid of Giza. This is the story of the most powerful, prolific, and arguably, the most cruel and debauched of all Egypt's dynasties.

1x25 Batman Tech

  • no air date — 60 mins

Since his debut in DC Comics in 1939, Batman has dazzled readers with an amazing array of bat gadgets. Viewers will go deep inside the Batcave to examine these incredible tools--many of them inspired by amazing real-life military developments. Discover just how close they come to real-life technology.

1x26 UFO Files

  • no air date — 60 mins

Ever since the military started using sophisticated airplanes, they have sought ways to build an aircraft that can fly undetected, maneuver like a helicopter and fly like a jet. The Nazis were the first to pursue the idea of building a disc-shaped aircraft. After the war, the Americans, Canadians and Russians all were able to build aircraft similar to the German prototype, perhaps based on the concepts smuggled out by German engineers. This episode looks at top secret flying saucer designs of the Air Force, with specific dates, times and locales of flights that may point to the real explanation behind the many UFO sightings beginning in 1947, and why the saucer design was abandoned for stealth technology.

Through interviews with eyewitnesses, rare photos and rarely seen films, we will construct a picture of what the building might look like. Hear testimony of those journalists and congressmen who were among the select few invited inside in 1974. Discover the history and secrets behind the Army's tank warfare and the classified military technologies it will use to fight the wars of the future.

In today's world, terrorism is a constant threat. Religious and secular groups trying to gain political power demand the world's attention with shocking events that often resemble killing fields. To fight terrorism, the international community has organized special teams designed to confront and defeat terrorists on any playing field--nuclear, biological, chemical, or traditional warfare. Meet some of these courageous men and women, who put their lives on the line in the most extreme conditions.

1x33 Spyweb: Mossad

  • no air date — 60 mins

The Mossad is renowned for its efficiency and effectiveness as an intelligence and espionage agency. Efficiency and effectiveness may be interpreted by some as brutality and ruthlessness. There are few 'punches pulled' in this program. This program deals with some of the Mossad's most spectacular 'successes' and some of its failures. The role it has played since its formation has been crucial to the survival of Israel.

1x36 Journey to 10000 BC

  • no air date — 60 mins

10,000 B.C. was a time of cataclysmic change on Earth. Extreme climactic fluctuations hurled the planet into a minor ice age; megafauna like the saber-toothed tiger and woolly mammoth were suddenly becoming extinct; and early humans began to inhabit North America. Cold and hungry, their fragile communities undertook perilous hunting expeditions. The slaughter of a single mammoth, weighing nearly ten tons, could be the difference between survival and death. JOURNEY TO 10,000 B.C. brings this unique and thrilling period to life, and investigates the geologic and climate changes that scientists are just beginning to understand. In a major forensic investigation, HISTORY visits early human archaeological sites to uncover fossilized bones, ancient dwellings, and stone weapons, and uses state-of-the-art CGI to recreate the treacherous mammoth hunts and the devastating impact of a comet colliding with Earth.

1x37 Spyweb: KGB

  • no air date — 60 mins

1x39 Ancient Torture Tech

  • no air date — 60 mins

The rack. New investigations re-write History by revealing that the rack actually ripped bone apart, not joints as was previously thought. The whip was used extensively by the Romans, famously against Jesus. But there was a lot more biology and materialsscience involved that purely hitting someone. The pear of anguish was inserted into a person's body cavity and then a screw twisted that caused it to expand ripping the cavity apart. We discover how this might have worked and what damage could have beendone. Hundreds of people were burnt at the stake by the Spanish Inquisition. But what actually killed them? Flame, smoke or heat? We answer this question. Roman Emperor Nero devised a shirt that condemned would wear. This tunic could be set alight andstay burning for several minutes - a long agonising death. A stunt mans puts on an ancient tunica molesta and sets fire to himself to find out exactly how this was possible. Legends say that Vlad The Impaler could drive a stake through someone frombottom to top without killing them. They stayed alive for up to three days. Using historical analysis and computer simulation we reveal for the first time that this grounded in fact. It is actually possible

1x40 Hippies

  • no air date — 60 mins

1x41 Slaughter at Omaha Beach

  • 2008-04-07T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

June 6, 1944 on D-Day: the allies stormed the beaches at Normandy, gaining a tenuous foothold on the shores of France. On a stretch of shoreline the Americans had code-named Omaha Beach, the allied forces were subjected to one of the bloodiest battles of World War Two.

1x42 Ancient Torture Tech

  • no air date — 60 mins

The rack. New investigations re-write History by revealing that the rack actually ripped bone apart, not joints as was previously thought. The whip was used extensively by the Romans, famously against Jesus. But there was a lot more biology and materialsscience involved that purely hitting someone. The pear of anguish was inserted into a person's body cavity and then a screw twisted that caused it to expand ripping the cavity apart. We discover how this might have worked and what damage could have beendone. Hundreds of people were burnt at the stake by the Spanish Inquisition. But what actually killed them? Flame, smoke or heat? We answer this question. Roman Emperor Nero devised a shirt that condemned would wear. This tunic could be set alight andstay burning for several minutes - a long agonising death. A stunt mans puts on an ancient tunica molesta and sets fire to himself to find out exactly how this was possible. Legends say that Vlad The Impaler could drive a stake through someone frombottom to top without killing them. They stayed alive for up to three days. Using historical analysis and computer simulation we reveal for the first time that this grounded in fact. It is actually possible

1x43 Hippies

  • no air date — 60 mins

1x44 True Caribbean Pirates

  • no air date — 60 mins

The documentary tells about pirates of the Caribbean such as Blackbeard, Henry Morgan, Anne Bonny and Black Bart Roberts. Larger than life, more dangerous than legend - pirates and buccaneers set sail for plunder. True Caribbean Pirates recreates the rise of piracy in the Caribbean and its climactic, inevitable downfall.

1x45 Siberian Apocalypse

  • 2011-10-18T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

This astounding documentary delves into the mysteries of the Tunguska event – one of the largest cosmic disasters in the history of civilization. At 7.15 am, on 30th June 1908, a giant fireball, as bright the sun, exploded in the sky over Tunguska in central Siberia. Its force was equivalent to twenty million tonnes of TNT, and a thousand times greater than that of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945. An estimated sixty million trees were felled over an area of over two thousand square kilometers - an area over half the size of Rhode Island. If the explosion had occurred over London or Paris, hundreds of thousands of people would have been killed. For almost one hundred years, the catastrophic cosmic impact of the century has remained a terrifying and hotly debated mystery. The first expedition to reach the site was led by Russian scientist L.A. Kullik in 1938. His team uncovered a colossal degree of devastation, but could find no obvious crater. Historians and scientists continue to speculate about what caused the apocalyptic fire in the sky, and why the elusive object failed to leave a crater. A huge number of theories and conspiracies surround the event. The suggested culprits vary from asteroids and comets to ball lightning, black holes and alien spaceships. Most scientists agree that such an event is likely to occur again. Next time, the human toll could be unimaginable. We reveal that NASA and other organisations are currently engaged in a desperate race against time to stop the next potential planet killer.

This episode continues to look at the books that were left out of the Western Christian Bible

1x47 True Caribbean Pirates

  • no air date — 60 mins

The documentary tells about pirates of the Caribbean such as Blackbeard, Henry Morgan, Anne Bonny and Black Bart Roberts. Larger than life, more dangerous than legend - pirates and buccaneers set sail for plunder. True Caribbean Pirates recreates the rise of piracy in the Caribbean and its climactic, inevitable downfall.

1x48 Ancient Ink

  • no air date — 60 mins

Tattoos are an ancient ritual practiced around the world, by nearly every culture. Each culture has its own reasons for the practice, and many have unique ways to administer them. In this special, host Craig Reynolds will get tattooed, by traditional methods, while he visits these different cultures, experiencing first hand what it's like and what these tattoos mean to people. Craig's travels take him to far off places across the globe including: New Zealand, Japan, Hawaii, and Hollywood.

1x49 Battle of Long Tan

  • no air date — 60 mins

On the 40th Anniversary of Australia and New Zealand's most pivotal Military Battles, the History Channel tells its true story. An Exclusive Australian and New Zealand, Television First Premiering on The History Channel. Filming takes place in a number of locations across Australia, New Zealand and in Vietnam and features rare interviews with the seven surviving commanders who fought the frontline at Long Tan.

1x50 Blood Diamonds

  • no air date — 60 mins

The documentary explores the factors that led to the violence, tells the vivid details of the suffering, and speaks with the organizations that eventually exposed the link between diamonds and several brutal African conflicts. Blood Diamonds also looks at the steps eventually taken by advocacy organizations and the diamond industry to combat the problem.

1x51 Ancient Ink

  • no air date — 60 mins

Tattoos are an ancient ritual practiced around the world, by nearly every culture. Each culture has its own reasons for the practice, and many have unique ways to administer them. In this special, host Craig Reynolds will get tattooed, by traditional methods, while he visits these different cultures, experiencing first hand what it's like and what these tattoos mean to people. Craig's travels take him to far off places across the globe including: New Zealand, Japan, Hawaii, and Hollywood.

Join a journey to retrace the eye-opening explorations and mind-bending discoveries of modern-day adventurer and scientist Richard Evans Schulte.

Heroes who fight tax collectors and moral crusaders, or just common criminals? Like it or not, America was built by rumrunners, moonshiners, and bootleggers--even founding father John Hancock was a smuggler. Rare archival footage and photos help weave the compelling tale of our nation's love-hate relationship with illegal alcohol.

There is more to the design of the dollar bill than counterfeit and forgery prevention. Experts discuss the history, meaning, and rich symbolism of all the markings of the millions in circulation.

In a world of ever-changing urban threats, where the enemy remains elusive, even from the most sophisticated of reconnaissance technology, the Marines urge the best of their marksmen to become snipers: human machines, inhuman patience and precision.

Heroes who fight tax collectors and moral crusaders, or just common criminals? Like it or not, America was built by rumrunners, moonshiners, and bootleggers--even founding father John Hancock was a smuggler. Rare archival footage and photos help weave the compelling tale of our nation's love-hate relationship with illegal alcohol.

The Silent Service plunges beneath the waves to tell the complete, fascinating story of one of the most critical branches of the military--submarines. From the dreamers who conceived them and the earliest designs to the men who became legend and the designs that changed underwater technology forever, each hour focuses on a different aspect of the submariners story.

In the jungles, mountains and plains of Burma and China, a tough war raged between the Allied and Japanese armies. This programme describes the campaigns fought by the Chindits, the Marauders and also those fought under Mountbatten and 'Vinegar Joe'. We take the Road to Madalay and Rangoon as the re-conquest of Burma unfolds.

Are they romantic figures of rebellion, or traveling, rowdy misfits? Jump on you "hog" and ride along as we reveal the history of this motorcycle club with a punch! From inception by a former pilot from the "Hell's Angels" squadron, to the true incident on which "The Wild One" is based, to today, it's a ride you won't want to miss.

In the jungles, mountains and plains of Burma and China, a tough war raged between the Allied and Japanese armies. This programme describes the campaigns fought by the Chindits, the Marauders and also those fought under Mountbatten and 'Vinegar Joe'. We take the Road to Madalay and Rangoon as the re-conquest of Burma unfolds.

1x62 The Brain

  • no air date — 60 mins

1x64 The Battle of Lepanto

  • 2007-06-27T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

1571: The greatest naval battle in world history. 600 ships carrying 250,000 people and 50,000 casualties. The bloodiest confrontation ever between Muslims and Christians.

1x65 Ilegal Drugs Cocaine

  • no air date — 60 mins

This History Channel program is quite an eye opener that may change one's perceptions about "good" and "bad" (or legal/illegal). We all share social beliefs based on the laws and legacy of our country. Yet, how were such beliefs formed to become a part of who we are today? Since the mid-19th Century, America has waged a "war on drugs."

1x66 Interview Saddam

  • no air date — 60 mins

History Now interview with Saddam Hoessein.

Four and a half years after his brother was gunned down in Dallas, Robert F. Kennedy stood poised to revive the legacy of Camelot. But he ended up sharing JFK's tragic fate. On June 5, 1968, just after midnight, Robert was fatally wounded in the pantry of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles following his win in that night's California presidential primary. Later that night the police arrested Sirhan Bishara Sirhan, a 25-year-old Palestinian immigrant. He remains in prison for the assassination to this day. But some experts question whether the case was as simple as the prosecution alleged. CONSPIRACY?® examines the questions which persist. Was there a second gunman in the pantry? Is there evidence of a police cover-up? What was Sirhan Sirhan's mental state that night, and what drove him to assassinate RFK?

1x68 Ilegal Drugs Cocaine

  • no air date — 60 mins

This History Channel program is quite an eye opener that may change one's perceptions about "good" and "bad" (or legal/illegal). We all share social beliefs based on the laws and legacy of our country. Yet, how were such beliefs formed to become a part of who we are today? Since the mid-19th Century, America has waged a "war on drugs."

1x69 Interview Saddam

  • no air date — 60 mins

History Now interview with Saddam Hoessein.

Four and a half years after his brother was gunned down in Dallas, Robert F. Kennedy stood poised to revive the legacy of Camelot. But he ended up sharing JFK's tragic fate. On June 5, 1968, just after midnight, Robert was fatally wounded in the pantry of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles following his win in that night's California presidential primary. Later that night the police arrested Sirhan Bishara Sirhan, a 25-year-old Palestinian immigrant. He remains in prison for the assassination to this day. But some experts question whether the case was as simple as the prosecution alleged. CONSPIRACY?® examines the questions which persist. Was there a second gunman in the pantry? Is there evidence of a police cover-up? What was Sirhan Sirhan's mental state that night, and what drove him to assassinate RFK?

1x72 Rome: Engineering an Empire

  • 2007-09-25T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Chronicles Rome's spectacular structural history from the rise of Julius Caesar to the Empire's eventual collapse Examine the planning and construction of the city's greatest masterpieces, including the awe-inspiring Colosseum and its mysterious subterranean aqueducts.

1x74 The Art of War

  • 2009-05-09T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Documentary on the main principles of Sun Tsu "Art of War" illustrated with examples from the second world war, the Vietnam war and the American civil war.

The hosts of Deep Sea Detectives discover new evidence about the fate of the fabled liner. • An important new investigation of the Titanic's loss. • Hosted by John Chatterton and Richie Kohler of Deep Sea Detectives. • Diving outside the wreck zone, John and Richie discover important new pieces of evidence. In August 2005, John Chatterton and Richie Kohler, hosts of Deep Sea Detectives, led an expedition to the wreck of RMS Titanic. Diving 2 miles down in Russian submersibles, they searched outside the known debris field for new evidence. On their final dive they made an extraordinary find: two large, intact sections of the Titanic's bottom hull in pristine condition with the red bottom paint still on them. For four months, a team of historians, marine architects, and engineers has been conducting a forensic analysis of this find. All agree that it's the most significant new discovery since the wreck was located in 1985. Analysis is ongoing, but preliminary indications are that these bottom sections will change our understanding of how the ship broke apart, and rewrite the story of the Titanic's final moments.

The hosts of Deep Sea Detectives discover new evidence about the fate of the fabled liner. • An important new investigation of the Titanic's loss. • Hosted by John Chatterton and Richie Kohler of Deep Sea Detectives. • Diving outside the wreck zone, John and Richie discover important new pieces of evidence. In August 2005, John Chatterton and Richie Kohler, hosts of Deep Sea Detectives, led an expedition to the wreck of RMS Titanic. Diving 2 miles down in Russian submersibles, they searched outside the known debris field for new evidence. On their final dive they made an extraordinary find: two large, intact sections of the Titanic's bottom hull in pristine condition with the red bottom paint still on them. For four months, a team of historians, marine architects, and engineers has been conducting a forensic analysis of this find. All agree that it's the most significant new discovery since the wreck was located in 1985. Analysis is ongoing, but preliminary indications are that these bottom sections will change our understanding of how the ship broke apart, and rewrite the story of the Titanic's final moments.

1x84 Alien Abductions Special

  • 2004-11-28T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

A alien special for all you ET lovers.

1994x01 The Bielski Brothers

  • Season Premiere

    1994-05-11T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

The true story behind Edward Zwick's Defiance is laid out in this brisk, straight-to-the-point account of the Bielski brothers, the leaders of a large, organized Jewish resistance effort during World War II. Escaped Jews from the ghettoes of Eastern Europe joined together in the woods under the leadership of Tuvia, Zus, and Asael Bielski, and for over two years they created their own hidden society of approximately 1200 people. This History Channel installment gathers together survivors of the partisan movement to tell stories, some of which are incredibly moving, such as the escape of Mike Stoll and his sister Bella from a train headed to a concentration camp. Another survivor recalls escaping the horror of the ghetto and coming upon the Bielskis in their forest enclave, where Jews were no longer under the heel of the enemy: "The whole camp was… something of a dream." The documentary's brevity means we don't get much depth on how the Bielski partisans actually survived from day to day, although a couple of the interviewees are frank about what they had to do to keep going. But this is balanced by the value of actually hearing the voices and seeing the faces of those who were there; when one woman sings a song of the camp, the decades suddenly collapse. As a companion piece to Defiance, it suggests the Zwick film was faithful to the facts, and to this story of heroism under terrible circumstances.

A history of film censorship in the U.S. looks at the impact of production codes. Included: how the rules affected the careers of actors and directors, and the making of the "Our Gang" comedies and "Gone with the Wind."

Mary Shelley created a monster in 1818, and writers, actors and filmmakers haven't been able to get enough of it ever since. The history of the creature on and off the screen includes clips from Thomas Edison's 1910 filmization to Kenneth Branagh's 1994 treatment, plus interviews with Robert De Niro, Mel Brooks, Roger Corman and others.

1994x04 Titanic: Death of a Dream

  • 1994-07-24T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

The largest ship ever built is christened in Ireland before a cheering crowd of 100,000. Witness the disaster this trek becomes as numerous iceberg warnings go unheeded and the ship sinks in the icy North Atlantic.

1994x05 Titanic: The Legend Lives On

  • 1994-07-24T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Overpacked lifeboats edge away from the crippled liner as futile SOS signals flare into the night - leaving 1,500 passengers to a watery grave. Also, witness the courageous deep sea expedition to unearth Titanic's secrets.

This breathtaking overview of World War II documents the savage global fighting that began with Germany's 1939 invasion of Poland and ended over the skies of Japan in 1945. Actual footage from the European, North African and Pacific theatres dramatically shows how the Allies defeated the Evil Axis of Power. Then discover the details of the Desert War in North Africa. See how untested American Troops defeated Rommel's seasoned Africa Corps in 1943, and learn why the victory was a first step towards winning the war.

Trace the invincible carrier of the U.S.S. Intrepid and the men who fought and died while battling on her decks. This documentary has never-before-seen footage of the Intrepid in action and includes first-hand accounts from aviators, astronauts, gunners, and officers, as well as commentary by General Colin Powell and U.S. Senator John McCain. It also features millionaire Zachary Fisher, the man who single-handedly saved the Intrepid from being turned into scrap, financing the venture to transform the ship into the world's largest naval museum. Seventeen storeys tall and three football fields long, the magnificent Intrepid was one of America's fiercest warships and saw a wide range of action -- from the WWII battle for the Leyte Gulf, to the deadly struggle in Vietnam, to the peacetime recovery of American space capsules.

1995x03 Christmas at War

  • 1995-12-24T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

In the jungles of Vietnam, soldiers decorated palm trees and gave makeshift gifts to comrades. In the bitter chill of Valley Forge, Washington's men wrote longing letters home to family and loved ones who prayed for their safe return. In the blistering sands of Desert Storm, USO Santas cheered the homesick troops. CHRISTMAS AT WAR is a fascinating look at the way fighting men have dealt with the season of peace throughout history. Heartwarming and heartbreaking, it is a testament to the strength and flexibility of the human spirit. Hear the words of Revolutionary and Civil War soldiers in letters to home. See rare footage of Christmas celebrations in World War II, from Europe's frozen battlefields to South Pacific islands. Discover incredible tales of unspoken cease-fires, when enemy troops have discarded their uniforms and hostilities for one night. It's an intimate, moving look at the way fighting men reconcile the reality of war with the celebration of peace, an unforgettable portrait of humanity at its most human.

1995x04 The Irish in America

  • 1995-03-17T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Aidan Quinn narrates this documentary of the struggle of Irish immigrants in the United States. Topics includes Irish involvement in the American Revolution, the Age of Jackson, the Mexican and Civil Wars, the California Gold Rush, and the building of American cities.

1995x283 The Irish in America

  • 1995-03-17T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Aidan Quinn narrates this documentary of the struggle of Irish immigrants in the United States. Topics includes Irish involvement in the American Revolution, the Age of Jackson, the Mexican and Civil Wars, the California Gold Rush, and the building of American cities.

1996x01 Desert Storm: The Ultimate War

  • Season Premiere

    1996-01-07T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Seven years after the fact, the true story of Desert Storm is coming into view. Despite the dominance of the Coalition victory, the outcome was by no means certain when the fighting began. DESERT STORM: THE ULTIMATE WAR uses the testimony of many high ranking American officers to tell the complete tale of the first real test of the new military. Among the fighters interviewed are Army Major General Paul J. Kern (Ret.), Naval Admiral R. Stanley Arthur (Ret.), Marine Major General Michael Myatt (Ret.), Army Vice Chief of Staff General Ronald H. Griffith and Air Force pilot and former POW Colonel Dave Eberly. In their remarkable stories, an intimate portrait of the war emerges, much different from the sanitized version the world saw nightly on CNN. Learn of the revolutionary weapons systems that lived up to their billing in their first real test and those that didn't. Trace the progress of the war through stunning combat footage and the testimony of Lt. General Bernard E. Trainor, USMC Ret., co-author of The General's War: The Inside Story of the Gulf War. And discover how the lessons learned in Iraq have already reshaped the American military, further honing a fighting force transformed since Vietnam.

1996x02 Sink The Bismarck

  • no air date — 60 mins

Detailed and fascinating documentary telling the history of the famous German battleship of World War II. The urgent British hunt and the German ship's efforts to escape are described through vintage film and recollections of both British and German veterans of the battles.

1997x01 Titanic: Anatomy of a Disaster

  • Season Premiere

    no air date — 60 mins

"Titanic - Anatomy of a Disaster" is an original Discovery Channel production that looks into not only the history but the mystery surrounding the sinking of Britain's most luxurious passenger liner. Having assembled a unique investigative team of oceanologists, marine engineers, archaeologists, microbiologists, metallurgists, engineers, writers, historians and movie makers, Discovery Channel spent many months unraveling this mystery. Discover the truth about one of history's greatest disasters. Touted as unsinkable prior to its maiden voyage, the manner in which the Titanic sank has long been a source of debate. Watch as scientists and researchers combine underwater archaeology, forensic science, metallurgy and other disciplines to get to the bottom of this 90-year-old mystery. In the frigid North Atlantic night, on the fourth night of its maiden voyage the "unsinkable" R.M.S. Titanic struck an iceberg on its starboard side and went down. But exactly how did the vessel sink? This investigation narrated by Martin Sheen, takes you on an extraordinary research and recovery expedition to uncover the truth. In Titanic: Anatomy of a Disaster, you'll take part in the first expedition to use science to piece together the the Titanic's final hours. First, follow a group of investigators as they dive to the site and analyze the clues to separate fact from fiction. Then, through dramatic re-enactments, computer animation and other state of the art techniques, see how these scientists faithfully recreate the iceberg damage and the sinking process to discover what might have been done to prevent it.

It is the world's most widely read and revered book, regarded as the Word of God by the faithful and a fascinating historical document by scholars. But what are the facts behind the creation of this immortal text?This two-volume set chronicles new scientific research and theological insight into the origin of the Holy Scriptures. Leading Biblical experts journey back to the land and the times of the Bible's very creation to probe its most profound mysteries: Did Moses really write the Torah? What secrets does the oldest existing piece of the Bible reveal? And what hints of its genesis can the Dead Sea scrolls tell us? From ancient Qumran to Jerusalem and from Galilee to Egypt, the clues this unique inquiry uncovers will intrigue and inspire the faithful and scholarly alike!

The origins of Halloween are explored in this engrossing program on the subject. A ghoulish array of costumes, make up, and decoration descend on communities every year on October 31st, but few people are aware of how the celebration came to exist. Harry Smith attempts to get to the bottom of the mystery in THE HAUNTED HISTORY OF HALLOWEEN, which delves into the 3,000 years of hoopla that traditionally unfolds when October comes around. As the history is explained, so are various failed attempts to co-opt the festival by various religious groups; but the most compelling revelation is how little the festival has changed over the centuries. A marvelous way to gain a historical perspective on this entertaining holiday, Smith's program is almost as fun as carving a pumpkin, donning a spooky costume, and undertaking a little trick or treating!

An examination of the history, culture and legacy of Japan's storied warriors. See how the nation was continually wracked by civil wars, with the only peace coming when the most powerful samurais were able to claim the title of shogun and rule with an iron hand over their cowed adversaries. Explore the strict code of bushido these ancient warriors lived by, and hear period accounts of the greatest battles and most storied fighters.

The documentary traces the evolution of the celebration of Christmas from ancient times until the present day. It is sprinkled with comments from such luminaries as Jean Shepherd, Alan Dundes and Forrest Church, among others, and makes liberal use of film and television clips from It's a Wonderful Life, Mickey's Christmas Carol, rare silent film versions of A Visit from St. Nicholas, the film A Christmas Story, and a seldom seen, extremely low-budget, 1949 television version of Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol (which is, however, mistakenly identified as having been made in 1958). Several aspects of Christmas are touched on - the bringing of Christmas trees to England and to the U.S., the writing of A Visit from St. Nicholas (aka. 'Twas the Night Before Christmas), the evolution of Santa Claus, and the writing of the Dickens classic A Christmas Carol.

They are the last refuge for the desperate, a place where a man's past is forgiven and forgotten and one of the most difficult and demanding fighting forces on earth. No other force has captured the imagination of so many men as the French Foreign Legion.From the desert sands of Algeria to the beleaguered airstrip at Dien Bien Phu, the Legion has held together through good times and bad because of a strong sense of brotherhood and loyalty to the cause. And they have fought in some of history's most storied battles. THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION is a thrilling trip through the bloody history of this fabled fighting force. Journey back to Napoleonic France to uncover its origins, and follow its growing legend through the decades. See how men were drawn to theLegion by its promise that when a recruit signs up, his past is forgotten, but his future is France's. Die and you die a hero, live and all past sins are forgiven. From Beau Geste to its surprising survival in the modern world, this is the gripping story.

The amazing works of art and architecture known as the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World serve as a testament to the ingenuity, imagination and sheer hard work of which human beings are capable. They are also, however, reminders of the human capacity for disagreement, destruction and, possibly, embellishment. As soon as ancient writers compiled a list of “seven wonders,” it became fodder for debate over which achievements deserved inclusion. Ultimately, human hands joined with natural forces to destroy all but one of the wonders. Furthermore, it is possible that at least one of the wonders might not have existed at all. Still, all seven continue to inspire and be celebrated as the remarkable products of the creativity and skill of Earth’s early civilizations.

1997x08 Tombs of Sipan

  • no air date — 60 mins

It is the richest burial site ever discovered in the Western Hemisphere: a massive royal tomb on the outskirts of Sipan, Peru, where the ancient treasures of the Moche civilization rested undisturbed for centuries. But in 1987, a sudden flood of priceless gold and silver artifacts was the first clue that a major new find had been made not by archaeologists, but by grave robbers who were selling the spoils of an ancient, little-known people. TOMBS OF SIPAN tells the incredible tale of archaeologists and art-dealers, investigators and looters that led to one of the most important archaeological finds in history. The case was broken when one looter, upset with his take, confessed and turned in the others. The thieves and many stunning artifacts were captured, but most importantly, they revealed the location of their trove. From the saga of their discovery to the ongoing investigations, this is the remarkable saga of the TOMBS OF SIPAN.

A detailed history of the war between Chicago's North Side and South Side organized-crime gangs during the Prohibition era, leading up to the infamous "Saint Valentine's Day Massacre".

This epic struggle had a more profound effect on civilization than any other war in history. New countries had to be built on the ruins of a continent. It was the end of kings, empires and innocence, and the beginning of weapons like the U-boat, the machine gun, the tank and poison gas. Graphic footage captures the horrors of trench warfare in battles like Verdun, where over one million men died. Riveting commentary from leading experts details the awesome effects of new technology on the battlefield, and the revolutionary changes that the end of the war brought including the near-inevitable rebirth of Germany as a military force to be reckoned with in World War II.

1998x04 Secret Societies

  • no air date — 60 mins

From the Freemasons to Yale's exclusive Skull and Bones, this is a penetrating look at the enigmatic world of SECRET SOCIETIES. What do 13 signers of the Constitution and 15 presidents have in common with Duke Ellington and Mozart? All of them along with many other influential figures were members of the world's largest and oldest secret society, the Freemasons. A favorite subject of conspiracy theorists worldwide, this vast organization is familiar to many, but known by few. SECRET SOCIETIES unravels mysteries and legends surrounding the Masons and another famous society, Yale University's prestigious Skull and Bones club. Explore tales of plots, victims and conspiracies, and hear from insiders what really goes on behind the closed doors of these organizations. In a violation of his oath, a "secret Bonesman" reveals details of some of the most important Skull and Bones ceremonies, while conspiracy theorists explore the seemingly pervasive influence of the Masons in Western society. See a word-for-word re-enactment of the Freemason's most essential ritual, and the most detailed re-creation of the Skull and Bones' initiation rite ever filmed.

1998x05 Ku Klux Klan - A Secret History

  • 1998-03-06T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

At times, it has been among the most powerful and largest fraternal organizations in America, boasting up to four million members. It has survived for more than a century by wrapping its doctrine of hate and intolerance around the sacred cloth of Christianity and the fabric of American patriotism. The Ku Klux Klan: A Secret History goes beyond the flaming crosses and beneath the robes, to reveal the dark heart of this controversial organisation.

This episode chronicles the decline of Rome, how its power shifted to the east to the new capital of Constantinople, a move cemented by the plundering of the city of Rome in 410 A.D. and how the influence of the ancient empire is still felt today.

1998x08 Battle of the Clans

  • 1998-09-12T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

The image of the Highland soldier, in his tartan kilt and sporran, is known and admired throughout the world. He has become the symbol of Scottishness: a heroic warrior, marching proudly to the skirl of the bagpipe, ready to fight and die for the honor of his regiment, his clan and his country. But history reveals a very different picture. Two hundred and fifty years ago, the Highlander was seen as a treacherous and barbaric savage. He was despised, even by his own countrymen, and hunted like an animal. Laws prohibited the wearing of his tartan, the playing of pipes - even his Gaelic language and his clan names were reviled. This program looks beyond the myth to tell the true and often tragic story of the Highland Clansman.

They lived by the code of chivalry and woke to the sounds of trumpets. They owed their position and power to the lords whose desperate striving for glory and land rocked Europe for centuries. FOOT SOLDIER: THE MEDIEVAL SOLDIER is a unique look at the lives of the common soldier in the countless and continual wars of the Middle Ages. Drawing on ancient accounts of battles, rare artworks, the latest discoveries and groundbreaking scholarship, a complete account of the lot of these overlooked soldiers emerges. Told in a refreshing, vibrant style, THE MEDIEVAL SOLDIER marches into the heart of history, showing what it was like to fight with the sword and bow and arrow in the armies of feudal lords. Relive some of the storied encounters of the age through dramatic re-enactments, and get an eye-opening look at life beyond the battlefield, where clothes and food were often hard to come by, and the only constant was struggle. From storming castles to weathering the elements and fighting off disease (the deadliest killer of all), this is a captivating introduction to the dangerous and difficult world of THE MEDIEVAL SOLDIER.

In Ireland, March 17th is a feast day honoring the bishop who Christianized the island; but in America it's a boisterous celebration of Irish heritage. We'll march up New York's Fifth Avenue with over 150,000 celebrants at the largest and oldest parade on the day all Americans are Irish. With Andrew Greeley and Frank McCourt.

It was a centerpiece of the Cold War. The space race between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. resulted in some of the most significant scientific and engineering advances in human history. But it was also marred by tragedy. And while the stories of American mishaps--such as the fire that claimed the lives of three Apollo astronauts in 1967--are well documented, the failures of the Soviet space program remained closely guarded secrets until only recently. Filled with rare, never-before-seen footage from Soviet archives and interviews with insiders like Ronald Sagdeev, Mikhail Gorbachev's science advisor, SECRETS OF SOVIET SPACE DISASTERS brings these long-hidden stories to light. See how personal rivalries, shifting political alliances and bureaucratic bungling led to the more than 150 deaths as well as the eventual failure of the Soviet space program itself.

Documentary that tells the story of the 101st Airborne, one of the Army's most decorated divisions. First formed during World War I as the 101st division, it became the 101st Airborne in World War II. The 101st stormed the beaches at Normandy, fought in Operation Market Garden and was instrumental in the Battle of the Bulge. It was involved in the integration of Central High School in Little Rock in 1957. During Vietnam it was renamed the 101st Air Cavalry Division as it went to battle in the attack helicopters that have become their trademark in succeeding conflicts such as the Persian Gulf War, Somalia and the Balkans.

Drawing on one of the largest libraries of combat footage on earth, this program details how the Allies finally won the Pacific War. The stunning sneak attack on Pearl Harbor and the European colonies in Southeast Asia was the beginning of six months of unbroken conquests for the forces of Imperial Japan. But finally the Allied forces rallied, and they began the long fight to win back the Pacific. The Allies began their first strategic offensive against Japan with landings on the Solomon Islands and Admiral Halsey's Battle of the Bismarck Sea helped neutralize the Japanese Offensive. These along with millions of small triumphs in bloody foxholes, in flaming cockpits, in blasting gun turrets all helped bring victory to the Allied Forces during WWII. THE BATTLES THAT DOOMED JAPAN chronicles the bloody island hopping campaign that eventually turned the tide of World War II. Stunning combat footage captures the brutality of the fight for the Solomon Islands, the epic engagement at Midway and the crucial campaign fought by the British forces in Burma. We'll also see what happened in overlooked encounters like the battle for Port Moresby and the short-lived Japanese attack on the Aleutian islands! And we'll examine the increasingly desperate tactics that marked Japan's final effort to deny the inevitable as the end drew near. From the cockpits to the foxholes, this is a detailed look at the pivotal moments that helped bring World War II to a close.

2000x01 Tora, Tora, Tora: The True Story of Pearl Harbor

  • Season Premiere

    2011-01-16T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

The real story behind Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor is an account of remarkable military daring, startling military blunders and still-controversial political decisions made at the highest levels. December 7 1941 was a turning point in history. The world was forever changed after the fateful attack on Pearl Harbour. It was the most daring naval and army manoeuvres of all time. In less than two hours without warning a swarm of Japanese fighter planes, each bearing a red sun soared over pearl harbour, Hawaii. At 7.53am a Japanese commander radioed to his pilots, "Tora, Tora, Tora!" In a matter of minutes, bombs and torpedoes fell from the sky paralysing U.S pacific naval forces. The day of infamy began with an intricate well-planned attack and a thunderous roar. The shock and anger over the surprise raid rallied a divided nation together more than any other event known to modern man.

2000x02 Samurai and The Swastika

  • 2000-02-11T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

They were unlikely allies, bound together on the principle of "the enemy of my enemy is my friend." But despite fighting on opposite sides of the globe and the ideological divide that separated them, Germany and Japan cooperated extensively throughout World War II. Using government documents, the recollections of soldiers and commentary from leading historians, SAMURAI AND THE SWASTIKA tells the long-overlooked story of the strategic alliance between the Axis powers. See how Japan supplied Germany with much-needed raw materials for the war, while German engineers shared sophisticated rocket and jet-propulsion technology with their Japanese counterparts. Jointly, they supported anti-English uprisings in India, giving aid and military supplies to Bose Chandras, a dissident Indian general, and his guerilla army. And in perhaps the boldest scheme of all, they conspired to destroy the Panama Canal and cut off America's Pacific war from its crucial Atlantic supply operations. Here, sophisticated computer animations bring this bold scheme to life in astonishing detail. From the origins of their alliance to a seized shipment of Uranium bound for Japan at the end of the war, this is a compelling look at how the Axis powers supported each other throughout World War II.

2000x04 Carlos The Jackal

  • no air date — 60 mins

See how an overweight Venezuelan boy, Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, turned himself into a swaggering, cold-blooded killer. He was public enemy #1 throughout much of the 1970s, the criminal mastermind thought to be behind the hijacking of the El Al jet at Entebbe, Uganda, and the attacks on the Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympic games. But his deadliest job occurred years later, with the bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. CARLOS THE JACKAL separates myth from reality to in this fascinating and authoritative portrait of the notorious terrorist. Only now, six years after his dramatic arrest in the Sudan by French Secret Agents, can the complete story be told. With the help of David Yallop and John Follain, the authors of Jackal, we'll see how an overweight Venezualan boy transformed himself into a swaggering, cold-blooded killer. Vincent Cannistraro, the former director of the CIA's Counter-Terrorism Unit, details the decades-long effort to hunt down the Jackal, and examines the trail of death and destruction he left behind. And we'll see how the Jackal's actions seemed more effective at burnishing his own myth than at championing the cause of Palestinian independence. This is the definitive story of one the most infamous terrorists of all time.

2000x06 Time Machine: Biblical Disasters

  • 2000-12-23T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

The era about which the Bible is written was an era of earthquakes, floods and other disasters. Bible stories tell of Noah and the flood, the fiery destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah and the ten plagues that forced an Egyptian pharaoh to free Hebrew slaves. Are the Biblical accounts based on fact? Controversial evidence is explored to validate these Biblical claims and whether there may be a parallel to modern disasters.

2000x07 Michelangelo

  • no air date — 60 mins

He is one of the greatest artists of all time, a man whose name has become synonymous with the word "masterpiece": Michelangelo Buonarotti.Creator of unparalleled works of art painted on canvas and plaster, carved in marble and built from stone, Michelangelo created a legacy of art treasured by the world: The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, the heroic marble sculpture of David, and the central plan for Saint Peter's Cathedral in Rome. Was he the tortured and lonely man who suffered agonies in pursuit of his art, as he is often portrayed? Art historians, museum curators and Renaissance experts help dispel the mysteries surrounding the man whose glorious works inspire us to this day. Examine the broad canvas of Michelangelo's life and legacy to probe the very soul of the artist who was recognized as a genius in his own lifetime.

A & E goes behind the scenes for a rough-and-tumble look at the people and history behind today's most flamboyant sport-pro wrestling. In addition to interviews with Jesse the Body Ventura, Hulk Hogan, Andr+ª the Giant and many others, you'll be treated to clips of some of the sport's earliest stars.

Narrated by Harry Smith, DEAR HOME: LETTERS FROM WWI chronicles the experiences of American soldiers and supply clerks, pilots and postal workers from draft day to homecoming, how they clung to pen and paper as their only connection to home, and how the war left them forever changed.

As a war, it was small, nasty and suspicious. As news, it was a godsend. The Spanish-American War did many things it united an adolescent nation and paraded its global ambitions for all to see, while heralding the descent of a tired empire. In this unique program, the conflict comes to life as it was presented to people at that time through the accounts of newspapers nationwide. From the slow buildup of public sentiment against Spain to the sensationalistic coverage of the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine, the forces, personalities and events of the war that secured America a place on the world stage are relived. Marvel at the fiery rhetoric of "yellow journalism" pioneer William Randolph Hearst, and learn of the many errors and outright fabrications that marred the coverage of the conflict. And ride along with Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders as they charge up San Juan Hill, all according to the reporters of the day. It's a revealing look at the power of the press and its often problematic influence in the real world, where reporters can be as effective in spurring events as presenting them.

The History Channel's "History's Mysteries" examines the real story behind one of the most popular and enduring heroes of all time: Robin Hood. A trip through Sherwood Forest and interviews with scholars uncover clues to the fact behind the fiction. How did these stories come to be? Was Robin Hood a real man? If so, was he a champion of the poor or just a greedy bandit? The answers may surprise you.

2000x12

  • no air date — 60 mins

2001x01 A History of God

  • Season Premiere

    no air date — 60 mins

For over 4,000 years, adherents of the world's monotheistic faiths have wrestled with the question of God. This extraordinary, feature-length film, based on Karen Armstrong's acclaimed book of the same name, traces that elusive and fascinating quest. A HISTORY OF GOD examines the familiar images of deity as presented in the Bible and Koran and traces the evolution and interrelation of the various Christian, Jewish, and Islamic interpretations of the divine figure. Through balanced analysis of historic and holy texts and extensive use of ancient art and artifacts, we'll follow the long road to today's understanding of God and what the journey--and the destination--have to tell us about humanity and its never-ending search for meaning and comfort. From the time of Abraham to the present, this is a thought-provoking look at the God at the heart of the world's three great monotheistic religions.

One of the most compelling stories of World War II concerns the origins of the unlikely alliance between the Axis powers. While many people imagine that the union was forged along the lines of "the enemy of my enemy is my friend," the real story is far more complicated.LAST SECRETS OF THE AXIS picks up where the popular HISTORY CHANNEL special THE SAMURAI AND THE SWASTIKA left off, examining the remarkable historical confluence that led to the rise of German-Japanese cooperation. At the heart of story is Karl Haushofer, a geography professor (and the man who coined the term "geopolitics"). The program explores the professor's convoluted role, following him from the origins of the Reich to the Nuremberg Trials. LAST SECRETS also reveals details of many overlooked engagements, including a coup in Iraq, backed by German and Italian forces, that had the long-term goal of establishing a Persian Gulf base for Japanese submarines!From unsung battles to back-room dealings, this is a compelling examination of the LAST SECRETS OF THE AXIS.

2001x03 Making a Buck

  • no air date — 60 mins

Counterfeiting is a crime of contradictions. It's the lazy man's road to riches, yet it can take an enormous amount of effort. It's perceived as a victimless offense, yet it's deployed as a weapon of war. And though too much counterfeiting can undermine a nation's economy, counterfeiters throughout history have been hailed as local heroes. Take a 2600-year journey through the history of counterfeiting that introduces legendary characters, reveals incredible stories and features interviews with experts from both sides of the law--including Secret Service agents and a convicted counterfeiter. See evidence of ancient Greek counterfeiting, get the inside scoop on the current re-design of U.S. currency, and discover the ins and outs of the never-ending, billion dollar cat-and-mouse game between forgers and feds. The fact is, making a buck and faking a buck have always gone hand in hand!

For millions of people around the world, street gangs are a way of life. And for some, they hold the keys to survival itself. STREET GANGS: A SECRET HISTORY examines the history, psychology and role of these groups in America throughout the years, from their first appearances in urban immigrant communities to the sophisticated operations that are expanding the influence of gangs like the Crips and Bloods deep into the heartland today. Current and former gang members reveal what attracted them in the first place, and offer an unflinching look at gang life. Much of what is revealed may come as a surprise to people whose idea of gangs has been shaped in equal parts by the often-sensational press coverage and the romanticized visions presented in films like West Side Story. At the heart of America's street gangs is a love of family, a sense of belonging, and, for the less fortunate, the knowledge that the gang is always waiting with open arms.

2001x05 America's Lost Bombs

  • no air date — 60 mins

This documentary is the true story of nuclear weapons lost by the United States in various accidents during the Cold War.

For the first forty years the U.S. submarine program lacked direction and a clear mission. This changed with the advent of the fleet boat which coincided with World War II. Bigger, more powerful, and faster than most of the classes before it, the Gato class positioned the Silent Service for greatness. A Century of Silent Service examines the exploits of daring submarine captains and crews. Highlights include the remarkable accomplishments of commerce raiding, penetrating harbors, and rescuing pilots such as President George Bush (interviewed in the program). As WWII ended it appeared the submarine had found its role in the U.S. Navy. That would soon change when one diminutive man with colossal vision would advance submarines into the atomic age. Capt. Hyman Rickover proposed building a nuclear reactor--itself very new technology--into a submarine. The result would produce a vessel that could remain submerged almost indefinitely and travel underwater at record speeds. Once again, a new class of submarine would be created in time for a new war, the Cold War.

Part II introduces us to the nuclear attack submarine and its world shattering partner, the ballistic missile boat. With more emphasis on stealth and lethality than ever before, the U.S. Submarine Force took on the Soviet Union in an undeclared war of detection and avoidance. American subs were able to track and remain undetected for weeks. American submarines were a prime factor in the containment strategy that brought the U.S.S.R. to collapse. Strategic submarines made over 3,000 deterrent patrols during the Cold War while safely and reliably controlling the nuclear weapons under their responsibility. Today, the Submarine Force enters its second century of service conducting complex operations demanding a stealthy, mobile, high-endurance platform with great firepower.

Interviews include "The Pomfret is Missing" by President Jimmy Carter, "The Holland's Mascot" by Capt. Harry H. Caldwell, "Narrow Escape" by Capt. Edward L. Beach, "Depth Charge Attack" by MOMM2 Len Belhke and "Life Begins at Forty Fathoms" by RADM Eugene P. Fluckey.

Robert Kennedy was on the verge of a presidential run when he was struck down just as his brother before.

Story of a P-47 Thunderbolt unit of the 362nd Fighter Group, filmed in color during the last days of World War II as requested by "Hap" Arnold. Features pilots of the 362nd FG through color footage from March 1945 through the end of the war. Unvarnished and uncompromising, this color film - shot from remote cameras on the planes themselves and specially-equipped bombers following the strike teams - is an extraordinary documentary of the air war over Europe. Includes never-before-seen footage, modern narrations and interviews with the pilots.

The most famous aerial fighting group of World War II, the Black Sheep Squadron officially shot down 100 planes and may have unofficially shot down another 100. Led by Major Gregory "Pappy" Boyington, the self-proclaimed "bad boy" of the Marines, in point of fact, the only so-called "screw-up" in the famed unit. The Black Sheep were a motley group of fly boys who rallied around their commander who inspired them where it counted most in combat.

2001x16 The Korean War In Colour

  • 2001-08-01T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

The first exploration in colour of the Korean War, this programme allows you to experience the terror, courage, blood and chaos that was everyday life for the soldiers and civilians in Korea. De-classified footage, personal films and photographs of veterans are all used to demonstrate the suffering and heroism both sides experienced.

As Hitler rolled across Europe, millions of Jews and political enemies of the Third Reich were maliciously exterminated. Yet many more would have died were it not for the bravery of a few foreign service diplomats. Years before D-Day, men like Switzerland's Carl Lutz, Portugal's Aristides de Sousa Mendes, Hiram Bingham of the U.S., and Germany's George Ferdinand Duckwitz secretly issued visas, falsified papers, and cut backroom deals to rescue the damned from the Nazi clutch.

This series from the History Channel explores some of the most dangerous and deadly natural disasters of all time, including this episode on the infamous Mount Vesuvius volcano. In 79 A.D., Mount Vesuvius erupted and buried the famed city of Pompeii and also Herculaneum.

2001x21 A Short History of Ireland

  • 2001-03-17T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Based on the book by the same name, this lyrical treatment of Irish history is revealed through stunning photography of its lush countryside and reenactments of historic events--from the ancient Celts to the Williamite War, and onto the bloody Easter Rising and the life of the revolutionary Michael Collins. This episode aired on the History Channel as a preview for the History International channel.

During World War II, German intelligence spread its tentacles across the globe, operating throughout occupied and neutral Europe, and even as far afield as the United States. We'll see how German intelligence proved a formidable foe, and how in the end it was totally compromised from its center. This program provides an overview of German espionage from 1870 to 1945. The origins and development of the secret 'services' which Germany used to collect intelligence and to counter the activities of other countries are discussed. There are famous spies and unknown operatives involved in the dangerous and mundane activities of the professional "spy". A useful contrast to the fabulous world of Hollywood spies and secret agents, this documentary explores the unglamorous but nonetheless dangerous world of the espionage agent.

Britain's Special Air Service rescues hostages held by Iraqi-backed gunmen inside London's Iranian Embassy.

2001x24 Unsung Heroes Of The B-29's

  • 2004-09-01T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

The B-29 bomber, which saw action almost exclusively in the Pacific Theater during World War II, represented a giant leap forward technologically from the B-17s and B-24s that flew over Europe. And while the crews of these older bombers won fame for their exploits, the B-29 flyers didn't enjoy the same accolades, for the public perception was that their seemingly perfect planes allowed them to perform their missions with impunity. As UNSUNG HEROES OF THE B-29s reveals, the truth was far more complicated,. The perfect missions from high above Japanese defenses were balanced by scores of dead-low bombing runs without guns into the face of determined kamikaze defenses. Captured crews suffered horribly in Japanese prison camps. And the rush to develop the B-29 claimed scores of lives in hurry-up testing, where design and manufacturing flaws were paid for in blood before the plane even entered active service. UNSUNG HEROES OF THE B-29 also includes a blow-by-blow account of the mission to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima from Paul Tibbets, the pilot.

2001x25 Unsung Heroes of Pearl Harbor

  • 2001-05-27T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Documentary of the little-known Americans who defended Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

2001x26 Special Ops: Mike Force

  • 2001-05-07T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Commanded and trained by Green Berets, the Mobile Strike Force, also known as "Mike Force," was a roving SWAT team on call to rescue platoons and camps under attack during the Vietnam War. The Mike Force was assigned the perilous mission of rushing into situations in which the North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong had already established substantial battle advantages. Made up primarily of indigenous forces, the Mike Force was often the difference between life and death for soldiers, civilians and cities that would have otherwise been lost as casualties of war.

During the Vietnam War, stealth, bravery and commitment to duty were attributes of the Long Range Reconnaissance Patrols (LRRPS) -- the "men with painted faces." Taking risks far beyond conventional units and going deep behind enemy lines, LRRPS sacrificed manpower for stealth, serving as the eyes and ears of their units while on some of the most hazardous patrols in U.S. military history.

From the beginning of the Persian Gulf War, the United States not only had greater technological advantages but had superior special operations teams. Navy SEALS, Green Berets and Army Rangers covertly gathered intelligence and performed numerous duties during the war. From SCUD-hunting to combat search and rescue, the program tells the story of the special operations units and their activities and adventures in the Gulf War.

2001x29 Special Ops: Recondo School

  • 2001-05-10T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Documentary about the Military Assistance Command Vietnam Recondo School, where volunteers received on-the-job education that was all too real. Recondo School was established by the Green Berets during the Vietnam war to train recruits for special operations. The program reveals what it took to survive the school, what kind of men volunteered and how their education gave them the skills to survive long-range patrol missions in the jungles of Vietnam.

From World War II through Vietnam to the present, the Green Berets rank among the elite of the Special Operations Forces of the world. The program explores the history and traditions of this group of soldiers: who they are, where they came from, what they do and how they perform missions impossible for conventional units.

2002x02 Titanic: 90 Years Below

  • 2002-11-19T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

In its day, the Titanic was a technological wonder. People were so enthralled with the largest moving man-made object in the world that they truly believed it unsinkable. Until it slipped out of sight on April 15, 1912. In a 90-minute special filled with spectacular footage of both recent and archival expeditions, we explore the history of the ship and the technology that finally found it and enabled exploration and salvaging dives.

The CIA, DEA, Centra Spoke and Delta Force track down cocaine cartel kingpin Pablo Escobar.

This two-hour documentary concentrates on the destruction of the World Trade Center's twin towers. Combining TV news tapes, interviews, still photos, and computer graphics, the program re-creates the horrible moment when a jet crashed into Tower I, followed closely by another suicide attack on Tower II. The rest of the program concerns itself with the cleanup of the rubble, the forensic evidence found during this process, an analysis of why the towers collapsed so quickly, and reactions of those nearest to "ground zero."

2002x05 The Christmas Truce

  • 2002-12-17T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

The true story of the Christmas Day truce between opposing British and German forces that took place in No Man's Land during World War 1. Told through archive interviews and reconstructions of the event.

2002x06 Gods and Goddesses

  • 2006-12-19T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

The world of the Ancient Greeks lives on today through its mythology. For countless generations prior to biblical times, tales of gods and goddesses were passed down by storytellers and interwoven into traditions and philosophies. Each city devoted itself to particular gods. But these gods also had human frailties. Where did the pantheon originate? Did any of the stories in Greek mythology actually occur? We look at new archaeological evidence that supports the possibility.

2002x07 Raise the Alabama!

  • 2002-03-04T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Follow the career of the legendary Confederate raider and visit the ship's final resting place at the bottom of the English Channel. She was known as "the ghost ship." During the Civil War, the CSS Alabama sailed over 75,000 miles and captured more than 60 Union vessels. But her career came to an end in June of 1864 when she was sunk by the USS Kearsarge off the coast of Northern France, where the Alabama had gone for repairs. RAISE THE ALABAMA! descends into the murky depths of the English Channel with the marine archeology team led by the renowned Gordon Watts. 200 feet beneath these foreign waters, the legendary Confederate ship is surrendering her secrets, despite weather conditions that make it safe to dive only a few days a year. The program also documents the Alabama's extraordinary career, from her construction in Liverpool to the surprise attacks that made her the scourge of Union shipping and the valiant, 90-minute battle with the Kearsarge. Confederate and Union documents, contemporary accounts and the testimony of noted scholars brings the complete story of the CSS Alabama to life.

2002x08 Inside Islam

  • 2002-09-04T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

It is the second largest of the world's great religions, and the fastest growing. Its name comes from the word for peace, yet to many Westerners it is synonymous with terror. INSIDE ISLAM lifts the veil of mystery surrounding a misunderstood faith. Trace its roots back to the Hebrew Bible and discover how the Five Pillars, the religion's central tenets, helped spread Islam to the far corners of the world. Find out what the Qu'Ran says about war, violence and suicide, and how these words have been co-opted by extremists. And hear from experts like Khaled Abou el Fadl (author of Speaking in God's Name), who explore the challenges facing Islam today, including a crisis of authority and deep divisions among many sects. Illuminating, important and objective, INSIDE ISLAM exposes the heart of a faith mired in controversy.

Biblical Disasters is a fascinating journey that crisscrosses the Holy Land in search of evidence supporting the contention that the scriptural sagas were based on actual events. We'll meet with archeologists and biblical scholars who are convinced that this is the case, and examine the findings that they use to bolster their position. Of course, there are more than a few dissenters, and their views are made clear in extensive interviews.

Heroes who fight tax collectors and moral crusaders, or just common criminals? Like it or not, America was built by rumrunners, moonshiners, and bootleggers--even founding father John Hancock was a smuggler. In the 1920s, Prohibition turned fishermen into rumrunners and two-bit gangsters into millionaires, and moonshine haulers in their souped-up cars helped create NASCAR. Rare archival footage and photos help weave the compelling tale of our nation's love-hate relationship with illegal alcohol.

Ronald Reagan has been off the world stage since his letter to Americans announcing that he suffers from Alzheimer's. But his impact on the U.S. and the world lives on. In a series of intimate interviews, including Nancy Reagan and the Reagan children--Patti Davis, Ron Reagan, and Michael Reagan--we present the private stories of a very public man. Fellow leaders, including Mikhail Gorbachev, also appear, along with intimates who tell behind-the-scenes stories about key turning points.

2002x15 The Day the Towers Fell

  • 2002-09-03T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

A riveting special that reveals the never-before-told stories of eyewitnesses, including amateur and professional photographers, caught in the horror of the World Trade Center tragedy. Images captured by many of the photographers are seen for the first time on television. Together, they provide startling and intensely personal firsthand accounts of that fateful day--stories of terror, hope, and survival.

2002x16 The Man Who Predicted 9/11

  • 2015-08-04T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

The programme is centered on the director of security of Morgan Stanley, Rick Rescorla, who predicted an attack on the World Trade Center and led hundreds out of the South Tower before dying in its collapse.

2002x17 The Real Scorpion King

  • 2002-04-23T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

It is 3450 BCE. Egypt is in chaos. Nomadic tribes maraud the desert, clashing in bitter conflict for control of land and wealth. Into the struggle steps one man who unites the warring factions and lays the foundation for the greatness of Egyptian civilization. His name is King Scorpion. He is more than a Hollywood action hero, he is real, and is one of the founding Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. Evidence in King Scorpion's recently discovered tomb, and primitive writing in a remote location in Egypt's Western desert, is revealing that the foundation for Pharaonic Egypt begins earlier than previously believed. The evidence is forcing scholars to rewrite history, establishing a whole new dynasty of Egyptian kings, Dynasty Zero. The quest to uncover the Real Scorpion King is a journey to the origins of Egyptian Civilization and the birth of history.

From his conversion to the 1968 announcement that his bones had been found, this is a comprehensive study of the "fisher of men."

K-141 Kursk was an Oscar-II class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine of the Russian Navy, lost with all hands when it sank in the Barents Sea on 12 August 2000. Kursk was a Project 949A Антей (Antey, Antaeus, also known by its NATO reporting name of Oscar II). It was named after the Russian city Kursk, around which the largest tank battle in military history, the Battle of Kursk, took place in 1943. One of the first vessels completed after the end of the Soviet Union, it was commissioned into the Russian Navy's Northern Fleet.

2002x20 Traitors Within

  • 2002-11-16T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Former KGB, CIA and FBI agents analyze six recent, high-profile cases where double agents compromised America's security.

2002x21 First Mothers

  • no air date — 60 mins

The varied and interesting lives of the mothers of America's presidents, and the influence they had on their famous sons.

2003x01 The Samurai

  • Season Premiere

    2003-12-08T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Mark Dacascos is a master of martial arts. He is also the Chairman on Iron Chef of America and appeared on Dancing with the Stars. He proudly proclaims he is one-quarter Japanese, and both his parents are martial arts instructors. Samurai culture has always interested him. “They were always calm and relaxed right before they drew their swords and fought,” he stated. Samurai on History Channel is a two-hour film which documents Dacascos' journey to Japan to retrace the footsteps of the most famous samurai of all, Miyamoto Musashi. Originally the samurai's job was to serve the emperor, much the same way the legendary Knights of the Round Table were meant to serve King Arthur. The life of the Samurai changed when the country was in transition from one Shogun to another. Musashi was born in 1584. Today he is the prime example in Japan of how to live and work. His philosophies that he wrote down in his final years of life in his book The Book of Five Rings, is what guides many Japanese businesses today. It is a guide to enlightenment. Samurai were also the inspiration for the Kamikaze pilots during World War II. “Being a samurai means being a killing machine,” and the WWII pilots took this to heart when they intentionally crashed their planes into boats in order to kill their enemy.

2003x03 Blood From a Stone

  • 2003-06-09T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

An Israeli treasure hunter recounts his 15-year quest to recover a trove of diamonds. In 1988, an international terrorism expert named Yaron Svoray began covertly searching the forest hills outside an ancient walled village near the French-German border. He hoped to uncover a fortune in buried diamonds left there at the end of World War II. In 1945, two American GIs in the 7th Army had killed a group of German SS officers as they were dividing up 40 uncut diamonds. The GIs took the priceless gems and buried them in a foxhole, planning to return at the end of the war. They never made it back. BLOOD FROM A STONE, based on Svoray's book of the same name, details how he found out about the trove and took up the search for the diamonds--a quest that would consume 15 years and lead him from South African mines to the diamond centers of Amsterdam and Antwerp, the Jewish ghettos and shtetls of Eastern Europe, and the Nazi death camps. Before his journey's end, Yaron would discover something far greater, more momentous and life altering than the monetary riches that had motivated his search.

2003x04 April 1865

  • 2003-04-11T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Fall of Richmond; Lee's harrowing retreat; surrender at Appomattox Court House; Lincoln's assassination; reconstruction.

2003x05 The Louisiana Purchase

  • 2003-04-28T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Encompassing the western half of the Mississippi River basin, the Louisiana Territory was acquired from France in 1803. At less than three cents per acre for 828,000 square miles (2,144,520 square km), it was the greatest land bargain in U.S. history. The purchase doubled the size of the United States, greatly strengthened the country materially and strategically, provided a powerful impetus to westward expansion and confirmed the doctrine of implied powers of the federal Constitution.

The death of President Kennedy thrust Lyndon Johnson into the nation's highest office--and a new chapter in a bitter feud with Robert Kennedy. One of the greatest rivalries in U.S. history, this feature-length look at their tumultuous relationship features never-before-heard oral histories and LBJ's White House telephone recordings. We reveal how the Kennedys saw Johnson as a threat to the New Frontier, while LBJ nursed a deep-seated fear of being overshadowed by an increasingly mythologized JFK legacy.

2003x10 Ellis Island

  • 2003-01-28T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

In ELLIS ISLAND, immigrants of every ethnic background recall their extraordinary adventures, from the treacherous passage across the sea to the daunting challenge of starting life over in a new land. Historians explore the island's sometimes insensitive policies, including the casual Americanization of names. Firsthand accounts along with interviews from the Ellis Island Oral History Project reveal what the immigration experience was actually like. And rare photographs and films tell the stories of the famous people who passed through its doors many of whom would change America forever.

2003x11 TR: An American Lion

  • 2003-01-20T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

A sickly, asthmatic child who became a world adventurer and renowned politician, with jobs ranging from cowboy to Police Commissioner of New York City to the 26th President of the United States, Teddy Roosevelt contained almost literary contradictions: He was both a social reformer who fought the abusive power of corporate monopolies and an advocate for war who sought to extend American power across the globe. The History Channel's enormous biography Teddy Roosevelt: An American Lion follows this prickly personality from such low points as the death of his mother and first wife on the same day to his rapid political rise to his tumultuous presidency (which was launched by the assassination of President McKinley and included trust-breaking, labor conflicts, environmental reform, brokering an end to war between Russia and Japan, and setting in motion the Panama Canal) to his failed attempt at creating a third political party. It's fascinating viewing, told through photographs, films from the time, dramatizations, and interviews with Roosevelt's descendants, academics, and former President Bill Clinton.

The true story of “Black Hawk Down” through the memories and voices of the American Special Forces survivors. Also included are Somali militiamen as they recount their harrowing experiences of battle.

2003x13 Nazi Guerillas

  • 2003-12-11T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

In the months and years following the end of the World War Two, Allied forces faced a series of bombings and attacks in occupied Germany. Nazi loyalists attempted to derail the rebuilding process by killing any Germans collaborating with the enemy. And the mysterious SS-Werewolves underground organization boasted of the coming rebirth of the Party.

This 2-hour documentary is based on the best-selling book by historian Jay Winik. It covers the last few weeks of the Civil War from President Abraham Lincoln’s second inauguration to the surrender at Appomattox; it concludes with the assassination of Lincoln and the final laying down of arms by the Confederacy.

On July 15th, 1942, a squadron of two B-17 bombers and six P-38 fighters bound for Iceland crash-landed in Greenland after getting lost in a blizzard. The crews were rescued, but the planes remained, eventually entering aviation lore as the "Lost Squadron." In 1981, two adventurers from Atlanta, Pat Epps and Richard Taylor, set out not just to find these planes, but to restore them to their former glory.

An examination of the minds of two of the 20th century's most brutal dictators and mass murderers--Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin. Based on recent psychological and medical studies, the program explores the personalities of these ruthless leaders, who were directly responsible for millions of deaths--their paranoia, suspiciousness, cold-bloodedness, sadism, and lack of human feeling. Includes interviews with Martin Bormann's son and Hitler's butler.

2003x17 Failure Is Not An Option

  • 2003-08-24T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Documents the United States' space program with insights from the flight engineers, project managers, flight controllers, astronauts, and others involved inside the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Speakers include Chris Kraft, Gene Kranz, Jim Lovell, Jerry Bostick, Ed Fendell, Gene Cernan, John Llewellen, John Aaron, Glynn Lunney, Wally Schirra, and Gerry Griffin. It takes the viewer from the Launch of Sputnik through the moon missions. Based on the Gene Krantz's book of the same name. Narrated by Scott Glenn.

A history of superheroes in comic books, from the first appearance of Superman in the 1930s to today's morally-conflicted, violent anti-heroes.

2003x19 Conquest Of Hawaii

  • 2003-10-12T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

This feature-length History Channel documentary surveys the tumultuous but colorful history of Hawaii, the 50th state in the Union. Utilizing a combination of elements including maps, illustrations and archival footage, the program travels back in time by several centuries and touches on events including the area's initial discovery, its first contact with outsiders (and the culture clash that erupted as a consequence of this), the arrival and influence of figures including King Kamahameha and Captain Cook, the voyages of the Polynesians and much more - before ultimately discussing the area's incorporation as one of the United States in August 1959.

2003x20 We Can Make You Talk

  • 2003-11-09T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Ever since images of prisoners at Guantanamo Bay were first broadcast, the methods used to interrogate suspects in the War on Terror have come into the spotlight. This 2-hour history of modern interrogation methods uses a groundbreaking combination of reality TV and historical documentary. We pit a group of volunteers who think they can keep a secret against a team of military interrogators; and reveal stories of the 20th century's most influential interrogators and those they tried to break.

2003x21 Russia, Land of the Tsars

  • 2003-05-27T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Product Description Its forests stretch from Europe to the Pacific. Its winters have vanquished the mightiest armies ever mustered. Its people have borne the excesses of some of history's most notorious rulers. RUSSIA: LAND OF THE TSARS illuminates the imperial past of the world's largest nation. At the heart of this epic tale are the figures whose names have become legend: Ivan the Terrible who expanded the empire at the rate of 50 miles-and innumerable lives-a day; Peter the Great whose sweeping reforms westernized the nation; and Catherine the Great whose rule was marked by conquest change and controversy. Filmed on location throughout Russia enriched by exclusive visits to important sites and museums and filled with commentary from renowned scholars this is a kaleidoscopic captivating portrait of a land that has endured centuries of despair and rebellion innovation and conflict. DVD Features: 3 Episodes of A&E's Award-Winning Series Biography: Peter the Great: The Tyrant Reformer Ivan the Terrible: Might and Madness Rasputin: The Mad Monk; Tsar Timeline; Interactive Menus; Scene Selection From the Back Cover Its forests stretch from Europe to the Pacific. Its winters have vanquished the mightiest armies ever mustered. Its people have borne the excesses of some of history's most notorious rulers. RUSSIA: LAND OF THE TSARS illuminates the imperial past of the world's largest nation. At the heart of this epic tale are the figures whose names have become legend: Ivan the Terrible, who expanded the empire at the rate of 50 miles--and innumerable lives--a day; Peter the Great, whose sweeping reforms westernized the nation; and Catherine the Great, whose rule was marked by conquest, change and controversy. Filmed on location throughout Russia, enriched by exclusive visits to important sites and museums, and filled with commentary from renowned scholars, this is a kaleidoscopic, captivating portrait of a land that has endured centuries of despair and rebellion, innovation and conflict.

This documentary is a captivating account of the defense of Wake Island by a small contingent of United States Marines and civilian contractors. From December 8th until December 23rd, 1941 the defenders thwarted an aerial attack and an attempted amphibious landing from a naval task force before finally being overwhelmed by the third attempt by the Japanese Imperial Navy. Five surviving Marines, one surviving construction contractor and others walk the viewers through the battle and the aftermath of the battle. A truly superb story of American heroes at the outset of World War II, narrated by Will Lyman.

2003x24 Giants: Friend or Foe

  • no air date — 60 mins

Giants appear in almost every culture throughout history-they've wrestled gods, conquered empires, and inspired heroes to rise in stature. From real-life figures such as Andre the Giant and former basketball player George Muresan (who stands 7'7"), to authors Carol Rose (Giants, Monsters & Dragons) and Paul Robert Walker (Big Men, Big Country), Giants: Friend or Foe? plunges into the myths, legends, and realities of these imposing figures. Examine the role that such famous tales as David and Goliath and Paul Bunyan played in their respective cultures; hear from director Ray Harryhausen, who helmed the legendary films Gulliver's Travels and Clash of the Titans; and see how the existence of real-life giants is far less romantic than it is for their fictional counterparts. From the pages of myth to the annals of medicine, HISTORY presents a comprehensive look at these larger than life figures.

2004x01 The True Story of Alexander the Great

  • Season Premiere

    2004-11-07T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Considered the most successful warrior in recorded history, Alexander the Great conquered Asia by age 32. His innovative battle tactics remain a topic of endless fascination to scholars and military leaders. Actor Peter Woodward hosts this absorbing documentary that chronicles Alexander's life through ancient historians' narratives, interviews with contemporary scholars, state-of-the-art reenactments and tours of key historical sites.

Abraham Lincoln is arguably America’s most beloved president. Yet nearly 150 years after his death, we’re still trying to piece together a true portrait of his life and character.. From the earliest archival materials to the most cutting-edge theories and discoveries, LINCOLN: MAN OR MYTH investigates the legends that have proliferated around the figure of Abraham Lincoln, exposing both fallacies and extraordinary truths through incisive scholarship, period accounts and artifacts, and modern technology. Noted scholars and historians grapple with such questions as: Was Lincoln truly the “Great Emancipator” who dedicated himself to freeing slaves? Did the writings that swayed the nation really come from his pen? Do we even know what he looked like?. Finally disentangling the truth from legend, INVESTIGATING HISTORY takes a probing look into the life of a man who transformed, enlightened, and captivated America..

2004x03 Benjamin Franklin

  • 2004-12-05T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Inventor, writer, businessman, scientist, diplomat, and the face gracing the hundred-dollar bill--this stately figure is the Benjamin Franklin history has taught us to remember. Now, in this revealing yet informal History Channel® presentation, the real man behind the myth is finally brought to light. By his own admission, the man who negotiated an alliance with France, helped write the Declaration of Independence and was the first to tame lightning was far from perfect. A self-promoter and occasionally ruthless competitor, this Founding Father never made a penny from his achievements and was more comfortable speaking in front of the British Parliament than he was being with his own family. Narrated in an easy, conversational tone by Edward Herrmann (Intolerable Cruelty, The Practice), BEN FRANKLIN features in-depth interviews with renowned biographers and historians, as well as reenactments shot in High-Definition video on locations in Philadelphia--a truly remarkable virtual "walk" in Franklin's footsteps. Available on DVD for the first time, BEN FRANKLIN is a fresh, down-to-earth, informative look at one of America's most essential human monuments.

Theorists Edward Steers Jr. and Charles Higham present their controversial ideas about Lincoln's death. Most Americans know that John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln. But many are unfamiliar with what happened afterwards. CONSPIRACY? reveals that while Booth died in a standoff days after firing the fatal shot, eight other men were tried for conspiring to kill the President. From the reaction to the crime and the news of Wilkes' death to the many theories surrounding Booth's actions, THE LINCOLN ASSASSINATION explores the facts and exposes the fictions. Was Booth an agent of the Confederacy? The Union? The Catholic Church? Now, new discoveries have put to rest some of the original speculations while raising new questions. Drawing on the expertise of some of the world's most prominent Lincoln scholars, CONSPIRACY? probes for the truth and lets you come to your own conclusions.

Select countries that have played host to Osama bin Laden, including Afghanistan and Saudi Arabia, are visited in this exploratory program on the terrorist leader. TARGETED was produced by the History Channel for their HISTORY ALIVE show, and offers some theories and discussion on how the elusive bin Laden turned into a ruthless figurehead.

2004x06 Hell: The Devil's Domain

  • 2004-12-27T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

From Dante's Inferno to modern-day revival meetings, this feature-length special chronicles our views of Satan and his legendary realm. - A sweeping look at the many faces of the Satan through the ages. - Hear from survivors of near death experiences who claim to have glimpsed Hell. - Includes interviews with leading theologians and historians. From the dark Hades of Greek Mythology to the fire-and-brimstone visions of fundamentalist thunderers, Hell has long held a particular grip over the human imagination. HELL: THE DEVIL'S DOMAIN travels the world to peer into the darkest depths of this eternal fascination.

2004x07 Ancient Monster Hunters

  • 2004-07-01T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Warlike amazons; the one-eyed man-eating Cyclops; the ferocious griffin, part bird, part lion. Were these creatures, celebrated by the ancient Greeks and immortalised by Homer something more than myth? The Greek myths are filled with magical tales of transformation, tragic episodes of human pettiness and jealousy, inspiring accounts of courage and valor, and legions of gods and heroes. But perhaps the most compelling stories are those of creatures like the one-eyed Cyclops and the ferocious half-lion, half-eagle known as the griffin. ANCIENT MONSTER HUNTERS follows a group of palaeontologists as they explore newly-translated evidence and examine remains that just may have inspired tales of these legendary monsters. Travel to the island of Samos, said to be the site of an Amazon battlefield, and analyse the gigantic bones that were found there. New data suggests the ancients actually searched for, excavated, measured and displayed these massive fossils. Is this the proof that the practice of palaeontology, long considered a modern science, actually began some 2,000 years before? Meet the monsters that just might link the Greek classical age with earth's prehistoric past and find out if these mythological beasts really have a place in the fossil record.

2004x08 The Bombing War

  • no air date — 60 mins

This documentary explores the morality and military effectiveness of mass civilian bombing in World War II, from the Blitz to the devastating Allied raids on Hamburg and Dresden.

2004x09 Troy: The Passion of Helen

  • 2004-05-12T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Explores the mythology of Helen of Troy and the role she played as the catalyst for the Trojan War. Includes selected scenes and comments from the cast of Wolfgang Petersen's film "Troy."

2004x11 Last Day of WWI

  • 2004-11-11T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

At 11 a.m., November 11, 1918, World War One ended. Victory had been assured and final territory already agreed upon. So why did more soldiers die that day than on D-Day? Based on Joseph Persico's book 11th Month, 11th Day, 11th Hour: Armistice Day, 1918, we reveal how Allied leaders found outrageous excuses to send 13,000 men to their deaths against a defeated enemy. Some leaders desired promotion, others craved retribution, while one commander chose to capture a town that day solely to bathe! Despite the human toll, nothing was gained--territories taken that day were eventually returned to Germany. The senseless 11th-hour slaughter captures the whole WWI in a microcosm--pointless carnage for no positive purpose.

2004x12 Ceausescu's Kids

  • no air date — 60 mins

For a generation Romanian women were forced to have babies they didn't want. Nicolae Ceausescu imposed a ban on abortion and birth control and forced every woman of child bearing age to have at least four children. Control over reproduction was strictly enforced. The infant and maternal death rate was high. Thousands babies were born with AIDS. In cases when children were born with mental or physical disabilities, their parents were explicitly encouraged to leave them in the special orphanages. In certain cases, when parental agreement was not easily obtainable, parents were made to believe that their infant was dead while in reality the new-born was transferred to the special "child-care" institution. Plagued by horrifying living conditions and wide-spread abuse, these orphanages were often situated in remote areas of the country, keeping the "embarrassing" sight of disabled children away from public view. The film crew shot much of the footage in such institutions and the result is a shockingly graphic sequence of skeleton-like emaciated and neglected children. Ceausescu's lasting legacy is a generation of unwanted children.

Imagine the future - a strange new weapon is detonated high over a large city. There is no explosion, no visible destruction, but everything electronic within the range of this weapon will go out.. permanently. Every electronic gadget in every home and office - disabled. No computers, no TV, no life support systems in hospitals, no water supply, no heat, no lights - truly, a return to the dark ages. Imagine a full range of new weapons; one can take out the electricity in your city, another can destroy you. If you haven't heard about these weapons, it's no surprise. Their development has been secretive and they sound more like science fiction than reality. When did this reality really begin and how far advanced is it now? This revealing documentary opens the window on this - until now - secretive science.

2004x14 First Invasion: The War of 1812

  • 2004-09-12T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

After the British invade the Capital and burn much of it down, the fledgling America appears on the verge of total collapse. But soldiers make a stand against the British in Baltimore, and the momentum improbably shifts to America's inferior forces. Follow their journey to victory, as they defend their threatened democracy.

One of history's greatest military leaders, at age nine Hannibal accompanied his father Hamilcar Barca on the Carthaginian expedition to conquer Spain. Before embarking, the boy vowed eternal hatred for Rome, his people's bitter rival. Twenty years later, in 218 BC, he left New Carthage (now Cartagena, Spain) to wage war on "The Eternal City" with an army of about 40,000, including cavalry and elephants. After crossing the Pyrenees and Rhone River, he traversed the Alps while beset by snowstorms, landslides, and hostile mountain tribes. This 2-hour special brings to life the story of the Carthaginian general who struck fear in all Roman hearts and wreaked havoc with his masterful military tactics, bringing the mighty Roman Republic to the brink of ruin. Archaeologists, historians, and military experts guide us through ancient Carthage and give insight into his military strategy up to defeat at Zama in 203 BC.

2004x16 The Quest for King Arthur

  • 2004-06-24T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

For centuries, the adventures of King Arthur and his fabled court have dominated the imagination of the western world. But how did this overpowering legend begin and what truth lies behind the enduring story of Arthur, King of Britons? In this 2-hour exploration of the Arthurian medieval myths, we examine the tantalizing historical facts behind the story of this band of deathless heroes and illuminate the contemporary quest by researchers to establish if the 6th-century warlord truly existed.

The ancient Games, like our modern Olympics, included champions and cheaters, glory and scandals, bitter rivalries and contests of strength, speed and savage combat. Set in 448 BC when the pounding of horse's hooves and the brutal hand-to-hand combat could be heard and seen by the crowds that filled the Olympic stadium. This one-hour special event follows the glory and corruption of the arc of a single, five-day Olympiad. The competitions include chariot racing, running, jumping, discus, javelin and two man-to-man combat finals-boxing and pankration, a form of extreme fighting in which death was not uncommon. With the help of sports historians and great athletes such as George Chuvalo and Olympic medalists Donovan Bailey and Angela Schneider, viewers travel back to a very different life-in a very different world. Combining computer generated imagery and vivid re-enactments, Ancient Olympics brings the legendary Hellenistic spectacle to life.

The findings of the 2002-2004 National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, popularly known as the 9/11 Commission.

2004x284 Alien Abductions Special

  • 2004-11-28T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

A alien special for all you ET lovers.

2004x285 High Hitler

  • 2004-10-04T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Never a robust man, Adolf Hitler was increasingly dependent on his personal physician throughout his time as fuehrer. As a result, the enigmatic and despised doctor, Theodor Morell, may well have played an important role in shaping the course of history, but scholars and World War II buffs have long debated his significance. From the facts that all agree on to more daring theories, HIGH HITLER examines the many aspects of this fascinating tale. Recent findings suggest that the world's most infamous dictator, a teetotal vegetarian, was ruling in an ""altered state,"" but how big a part did Hitler's drug dependency play in the decisions he made? And can any of the blame be assigned to Morrell?

2004x286 Witch Hunt

  • 2004-10-31T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Theatrical special drawn from the trial excerpts presenting new theories about the famous events in Salem Village

Featuring all of the stealth and cunning of a modern-day Special Forces operation, the Los Banos raid is regarded as one of the most successful airborne raids of all time. On the morning of February 23rd, 1945 – just a few months before the end of The Second World War – a combined force of American paratroopers, Filipino guerrillas and amphibious tanks liberated over 2,000 prisoners who were facing a potential massacre at the hands of their Japanese captors. Incredibly, not a single prisoner was killed in the attack. In this dramatic feature length film, we return to the site of the Los Banos Prison Camp with four soldiers who took part in the rescue – as well as one of the prisoners who was liberated. Their compelling first-hand accounts form the backbone of the film. Wrote Colin Powell (in a letter to the 11th Airborne Division): "I doubt that any airborne unit in the world will ever be able to rival the Los Banos prison raid. It is the textbook airborne operation for all ages and all armies."

2004x288 Isaac's Storm

  • 2004-08-01T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

By the summer of 1900, Galveston, Texas was one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States, and its citizens were full of optimism as the 20th century approached. One of those citizens was Isaac Cline, appointed a decade earlier to head the U.S. Weather Bureau office in Galveston. But on September 8 of that year, a Category 4 hurricane washed away most of the city and claimed more than 6,000 lives--still the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history. This documentary focuses on Isaac Cline's role in the disaster: was he (as local legend has it) a heroic figure who saved lives by warning the population to flee, or did scientific hubris prevent him from seeing the danger until it was too late?

2004x289 The Battle of Tripoli

  • no air date — 60 mins

Filled with period documents, original artwork and dramatic re-enactments, The Battle of Tripoli relives the historic engagement of 1805 when a ragtag army of 1,000 men won a dramatic victory against one of the world's great powers. Led by diplomat turned general William Eaton, the force marched some 500 miles across the desert to free 307 American hostages held in Derna, Tripoli's second largest city. Eaton hoped not only to free the hostages, but to end the practice of paying tribute to the Mediterranean kingdom to protect American merchant ships from pillage by the Barbary pirates.

2004x290 Rwanda: Do Scars Ever Fade

  • 2004-12-19T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

This 90-minute special presents the complex and riveting history of Rwanda, providing an in-depth look at the propaganda campaign that's crucial to understanding how genocide leaders got ordinary citizens to participate. In 1994, the small African country was awash in blood. An estimated 75 percent of the Tutsi minority was slaughtered, and in just 100 days, more than 800,000 were killed. And, at least 50,000 politically moderate Hutus also perished. We explore the 1994 genocide and post-genocide period, and grapple with the question: How does a country recover from its haunted past? Unfolding through firsthand experiences of Rwandans who lived through the genocide, we document stories of survivors, perpetrators, and government officials and sort through the difficulties of balancing justice with reconciliation.

2005x01 Spontaneous Human Combustion

  • Season Premiere

    2005-04-25T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Paranormal investigators, forensic biologists, physicists and fire experts try to explain why a body would suddenly burst into flames. Looks into reports of people who have suddenly burst into flames for no apparent reason. How could a fire be so intense that a victim's torso is destroyed while the legs remain? Interviews relatives of alleged victims and firemen who saw the bodies.

2005x02 Joseph: The Silent Saint

  • 2005-03-24T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Joseph, the Silent Saint explores one of the greatest biblical mysteries: who, exactly, was the earthly spouse of Mary and father of Jesus? A humble tradesman, he was descended from royalty. He was counseled by angels, chased into a strange land by murderers and adored by a son who would grow up to be called the King of Kings. And yet not one word of his is recorded in the bible.

2005x03 The French Revolution

  • 2005-03-29T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

On July 14, 1789, a mob of angry Parisians stormed the Bastille and seized the King's military stores. A decade of idealism, war, murder, and carnage followed, bringing about the end of feudalism and the rise of equality and a new world order. The French Revolution is a definitive feature-length documentary that encapsulates this heady (and often headless) period in Western civilization. With dramatic reenactments, illustrations, and paintings from the era, plus revealing accounts from journals and expert commentary from historians, The French Revolution vividly unfurls in a maelstrom of violence, discontent, and fundamental change. King Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Maximilien Robespierre, and Napoleon Bonaparte lead a cast of thousands in this essential program from THE HISTORY CHANNEL

2005x04 Catching the Comet

  • 2005-01-22T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

We've watched them streak across the sky for centuries, but what - beyond their sometimes extraordinary and fleeting beauty - do we really know about comets? Follow a breakthrough mission to demystify and - for the very first time - capture the contents of a comet. Premiering Sunday, January 22 2005 at 7 p.m. ET/8 p.m. PT on Discovery Channel, Catching the Comet follows the exploration of a comet by devising an innovative way to bring one home.

Discover the complete story of a legendary vessel, told with the help of the men who served aboard her. The submarine USS Bowfin made nine patrol runs during WWII, all packed with hair-raising adventures. In the course of sinking some 175,000 tons of Japanese shipping, the Bowfin faced an increasingly sophisticated Japanese anti-submarine campaign, and endured vicious depth bomb and surface attacks.

The documentary traces the evolution of the celebration of Christmas from ancient times until the present day. It is sprinkled with comments from such luminaries as Jean Shepherd, Alan Dundes and Forrest Church, among others, and makes liberal use of film and television clips from It's a Wonderful Life, Mickey's Christmas Carol, rare silent film versions of A Visit from St. Nicholas, the film A Christmas Story, and a seldom seen, extremely low-budget, 1949 television version of Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol (which is, however, mistakenly identified as having been made in 1958).

2005x08 The War of 1812

  • 2005-02-22T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

From a seemingly disastrous decision to declare war to the glory of the stars and stripes, THE HISTORY CHANNEL® PRESENTS: THE WAR OF 1812 chronicles of one of america's most defining moments. Only 30 years after gaining independence, the upstart United States found itself once again battling Great Britain. At stake were the future of emocracy and America's Manifest Destiny. Pitted against the world's most powerful nation, victory seemed unlikely. But then Andrew Jackson's brilliant leadership, a lone sniper, and one of the most lopsided victories in military history turned the tide of the war.

Sir Frank Whittle (1907-1996) was the greatest aero-engineer of the twentieth century. His invention of the jet engine didn't just change the face of the Earth; it enabled millions of us to see what it actually looked like. Whittle's story is inspirational and yet so sad. Born to working class parents in Coventry, he joined the Royal Air Force, making himself taller via Maxalding exercises so that he met its height requirement. A genius for mathematics helped him make the rare transition from apprentice to cadet. At RAF Cranwell Whittle quickly showed he was both an outstanding pilot and a visionary. For his course there he wrote Future Developments In Aircraft Design, predicting flight at 500 mph. He began to seek a new kind of aviation power plant. He saw that a gas turbine and compressor – with a combustor in between – could produce the thrust to propel a plane at high speeds. And so the turbojet was born. Sir Frank tells his amazing story in Whittle – The Jet Pioneer, supported by contributions from his son Ian, veteran test pilot Captain Eric Brown RN and Hans von Ohain, who designed the first German jet engine.

2005x11 Little Ice Age: Big Chill

  • 2005-11-20T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Not so long ago, civilization learned that it was no match for just a few degrees drop in temperature. Scientists call it the Little Ice Age--but its impact was anything but small. From 1300 to 1850, a period of cataclysmic cold caused havoc. It froze Viking colonists in Greenland, accelerated the Black Death in Europe, decimated the Spanish Armada, and helped trigger the French Revolution. The Little Ice Age reshaped the world in ways that now seem the stuff of fantasy--New York Harbor froze and people walked from Manhattan to Staten Island, Eskimos sailed kayaks as far south as Scotland, and two feet of snow fell on New England in June and July during "the Year Without a Summer". Could another catastrophic cold snap strike in the 21st century? Leading climatologists offer the latest theories, and scholars and historians recreate the history that could be a glimpse of things to come

From humble beginnings in Butte to iconic status and everything in between, Evel Knievel candidly shares every aspect of his life.

2005x13 Lincoln

  • 2011-02-11T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Authors Gore Vidal, Jan Morris, Harold Holzer and Andrew Solomon help uncover the facts about the 16th president of the United States.

For twelve years he stood as America's 32nd President, a man who overcame the ravages of polio to pull America through the Great Depression and WWII. From his legendary Fireside Chats to his sweeping New Deal, Franklin Delano Roosevelt revolutionized the American way of life. FDR: A PRESIDENCY REVEALED examines one of history's most compelling figures. Inspired by his cousin Teddy Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt rose to the nation's highest office during the depths of one of its darkest periods. A man of few words, he brought a nation together through his revolutionary Fireside Chats. He introduced vast reforms like Social Security and work relief for the unemployed. At the same time, his administration hid a dark underbelly teeming with covert maneuvers, spy rings, and powerful enemies.

Sir Martin Gilbert hosts this compelling look at Israel's first three years, featuring never-before-seen footage and eyewitness accounts of the nation's birth.

The film "The Bridge on the River Kwai" dramatized the WWII story of the Thailand-Burma Railway, yet it was largely fictional. Over 65,000 Allied P.O.W.s battled torture, starvation, and disease to hack the 255-mile railway out of harsh jungle for the Japanese. Finishing in only 14 months, many never returned from "The Railway of Death".

If you can't beat'em, join'em. But if you can't buy em, beat'em. This was the idea behind one of the most remarkable road-going machines ever built - the stunning Ford GT-40. Henry Ford had hoped to buy Ferrari when the famed Italian manufacturer hit hard times in the 1960's. But when Fiat beat him to the punch, Ford decided to devote his energies to beating Ferrari on the track. The result was the GT-40 - so named because it was only 40 inches high - and in 1966 it swept Ferrari from the winner's circle at the famed 24 hours of LeMans race. Capable of reaching 220 miles per hour, the GT-40 was then modified for sale to consumers. But the 'production' model was far from standard issue - prospective buyers had to send in their measurements to the factory, for while the pedals were adjustable, the seat was not! From the racetrack to the highway, this is an illuminating look at one of the most breathtaking pieces of machinery ever built.

2005x18 The Plague

  • 2005-10-30T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

It began like the common cold. Then came fever, baseball-sized black swellings on the neck, and coughing up blood. Few infected lived more than two days. In the three years since it first struck in 1437, almost half of Europe's population died within three years. THE PLAGUE visits the rat-infested holds of the ships that brought death and disease, witness the terror that swept through towns, and walks with religious flagellants. Follow a princess as she travels into the center of the plague, a doctor who struggles to understand what is happening, and a Jewish merchant caught up in violent attacks. Hear the actual words of the victims, taken from diaries and journals. From the Pope's palace to the humble huts of medieval peasants, watch as people live and die in the unforgiving grip of fear and death, and wonder how we would act if such a terrible event happened today.

2005x19 Houdini: Unlocking the Mystery

  • 2005-10-31T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Learn about the magical childhood of Eric Weiss, a young boy from Hungary who became the famous magician Harry Houdini. This Houdini video is courtesy of the History Channel.

2005x20 The Knights Templar

  • no air date — 60 mins

heir fanatical courage struck terror in their enemies. Their fabulous wealth made them the most powerful men in Europe. Their secret rites inspired rumors of heresy. In the Crusades, these ferocious sword-wielding monks were charged with protecting the Kingdom of Jerusalem. In defeat, they were burned at the stake. Journey from Middle Ages Jerusalem to modern day Europe to unravel the extraordinary story of the legendary Knights who some say survived their supposed execution at the end of the Crusades and have preserved their order to this day. Leading historians reveal their fantastic origins, and period accounts bring their legendary battles to life. Ancient documents and artifacts hint at the mysteries that surround them. Did they discover ancient secrets buried beneath Solomon's temple, and conspire to seize part of Europe for themselves? Explore the incredible history of the Crusade's mightiest and most puzzling warriors.

2005x21 Antony and Cleopatra

  • no air date — 60 mins

The story of Roman general Marc Antony and Egyptian Queen Cleopatra's legendary love affair and its consequences on the fate of an empire. Interviews with experts and dramatic re-enactments strip away the myths about Cleopatra and reveal a highly educated, cultured, and plain-looking woman.

2005x22 Roman Vice

  • 2005-09-06T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Conquest. Lust. Murder. Revenge. These are the foundational cornerstones of the Roman Empire. For more than 500 years Rome was the most powerful and advanced civilization the world had ever known ruled by visionaries and tyrants whose accomplishments ranged from awe-inspiring to deplorable. Despite their seemingly civilized attitude toward life there was a decidedly uncivilized end to the Roman Empire. In this feature-length special recent archeological evidence provides an unprecedented look into this tumultuous period in Rome's history--from Roman funeral practices based on sacrifice and superstition to secret societies and mysterious cults to the grand palaces of Nero and Tiberius the center of Rome's excess wealth and decadence. Featuring fascinating on-location footage and interviews with leading scholars from Princeton and Cambridge universities ROMAN VICE brings the final days of the Roman Empire vividly to life.

2005x23 Criminal History: Ancient Rome

  • 2005-04-12T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

This episode displays the ancient techniques and technology used by both the criminals and law enforcement of the times;

Join us for an engrossing hour as we unravel one of the greatest biblical mysteries: who, exactly, was the earthly spouse of Mary and father of Jesus? According to the Bible, though a humble tradesman, he was descended from royalty. He was counseled by angels, chased into a strange land by murderers, and adored by a son who would grow up to be called the King of Kings. And yet not one word of Joseph's is recorded in the Bible. Through interviews with leading theologians and priests, examination of the Gospels, and aided by dramatic recreations, we paint the clearest picture yet of the man who spoke with his actions and helped shape the very foundations of Christianity.

One of Adolf Hitler's most brutal and dramatic exterminations came half a decade before the sins of the Holocaust. The SA was Hitler's army of thugs, but the head of the SA, Ernst Roehm, was threatening Hitler's rule. On June 29th 1934, Hitler ordered the SA leadership to appear for a meeting at the Hotel Hanselbauer. Without warning, the SS burst in, beginning 48 hours of bloodshed in which 1000 of the leading SA, including Roehm, were rounded up and slaughtered. This murderous deed became an ominous warning of what was to come. It is the single most significant episode in Hitler's rise to absolute power, and the set the stage for World War and the Holocaust.

2005x27 Conspiracy? Jack Ruby

  • 2005-05-16T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

An investigation of Jack Ruby and his involvement with the Kennedy Assignation.

2005x65 Beyond the Da Vinci Code

  • 2005-01-12T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

The Da Vinci Code has raised questions about religion art and faith across the globe. Now take a 2000 year journey through time to examine the surprising truths and controversial ideas set forth in Dan Brown's worldwide bestseller.

2005x277 The True Story of Troy

  • 2005-01-25T05:00:00Z — 60 mins

Troy is the site of history's most legendary war and the Western world's oldest adventure story. According to myth it began with a rigged beauty contest and ended with a giant wooden horse unleashing utter destruction. From “the face that launched a thousand ships” to the most famous military ruse in history, the epic showdown between the Greeks and Trojans serves as one of the fundamental narratives of Western culture. Yet, nearly everything we know of it comes from an oral tradition recorded hundreds of years after the fact. Now archaeologists, literary detectives and military analysts are uncovering evidence suggesting the war was really waged. From archaeological trenches at ancient Troy and the citadel fortress of King Agamemnon from Homer to Hollywood we search for the true story of Troy.

2005x278 Voodoo Secrets

  • 2005-05-01T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

A cult of magic spells, diabolical curses, satanic worship, human sacrifice, zombies, and dolls stuck with pins? Experts explain how, over the past few centuries, the ancient religion of Voodoo has been systematically maligned, persecuted, and nearly wiped out. To uncover the truth behind Voodoo, we travel to where it began at least 5,000 years ago on the central west coast of Africa. In the tiny nation of Benin, Voodoo is practiced today as it has been for thousands of years. Our cameras captured a rarely-seen event--an African Voodoo ceremony with animal sacrifice. We also investigate grisly events blamed on Voodoo, such as: the sinking of a ferry in Haiti that killed 200 people and was blamed on a Voodoo curse; death of Robert Tallant, author of the 1947 bestseller Voodoo in New Orleans; and how Marie Laveau, the "Queen of Voodoo" in New Orleans, saved two men from the gallows in 1850. Could these tales be true?

2005x279 Behind The DaVinci Code

  • 2005-07-25T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

Before Dan Brown's book The Da Vinci Code, there was Holy Blood, Holy Grail, written by Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh, and Henry Lincoln, that is known for its revelation of the possibility of a sacred bloodline continued by Jesus and Mary Magdalene. It was their research on which Brown based much of his novel. Now, 30-some years since they wrote their last follow-ups, Henry Lincoln continues to investigate the source of the story. In this special, the man who launched the whole story breaks his silence, allowing viewers to unlock his secrets and addressing critics who say the whole thing is a hoax. We also explore the connection to the Knights Templar.

2006x02 Eighty Acres of Hell

  • 2006-06-01T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

This is the long-overlooked story of the Union prison that was more than a match for the horrors of Andersonville. More than the spoils go to the victor; sometimes they win silence as well. That is certainly the case when it comes to the Civil War prison at Camp Douglas in Chicago, Illinois. While the Confederate camp at Andersonville, Georgia is infamous, the tale of Camp Douglas has long been overlooked. EIGHTY ACRES OF HELL reveals that the Union was more than capable of matching the Confederates atrocity-for-atrocity. While 12,000 prisoners entered Camp Douglas, only 6,000 left. The rest were victims of calculated cruelty, torture and neglect. And southern soldiers were not the only targets of this treatment--many prominent Chicago citizens were incarcerated under the banner of martial law, unjustly convicted of imagined offenses by ruthless military tribunals. From the establishment of the camp to the terrible toll it ultimately took, EIGHTY ACRES OF HELL is a troubling look at a long-ignored chapter of the Civil War.

2006x03 The Egyptian Book of the Dead

  • 2006-08-22T04:00:00Z — 60 mins

The Book of the Dead is the name now given to a collection of religious and magical texts known to the ancient Egyptians as The Chapters of the Coming-forth by day . Their principle aim was to secure for the deceased a satisfactory afterlife and to give them the power to leave the tomb when necessary. Copies of the book written on papyrus scrolls were placed in the tombs of important Egyptians, each roll containing a selection of chapters. Many examples have survived from antiquity, dating mostly from c.1500 BC to 250 BC. In this volume the text, translated by the late Dr R.O. Faulkner, is that found in the papyrus prepared for the scribe Ani. The vignettes are taken from the finely illustrated copies which are preserved in the collection of the British Museum.

The Pilgrims' 1620 voyage from England to America aboard The Mayflower, their establishment of the Plymouth Colony and their relationship with the Wampanoag Indians are chronicled in a docudrama that relies heavily on William Bradford's eyewitness account documented in “Of Plymouth Plantation.”