The first season of "The Good Wife" began to air on September 22, 2009, and finished on May 25, 2010. It consisted of 23 episodes.
Alicia returns to work as a defense attorney after her husband's corruption scandal and incarceration. She is assigned her first case – a retrial of a woman accused of murdering her ex-husband. Her firm successfully deadlocked the first jury, and they hope that sticking to that strategy will work again, but Alicia realizes that this trial will be more of a fight than anyone expected.
After the State's Attorney refuses to pursue criminal charges, Alicia becomes second chair on a civil suit involving the rape of a prostitute at a bachelor party who may have been hired and abused by her own husband.
The son of Alicia's former friends is charged with felony murder, and Alicia decides to defend him, despite the fact that they ostracized her ever since the scandal.
Alicia stumbles onto something that indicates possible jury tampering on her firm's class action law suit against a pharmaceutical company. Peter's legal team continues their work for his upcoming appeal, and Alicia keeps butting heads with Peter's attorney.
Alicia and Will have only 72 hours to find the smoking gun that proves the train company, and not the three engineers, is responsible for the crash, thus securing the widows their pensions the company is holding back. Jackie and Alicia clash over taking the children to visit their father in prison.
As Alicia works with Will on the appeal of a death row inmate, she agrees to a conjugal visit with Peter in order to get information from him since her client was convicted under Peter's regime as state's attorney.
Alicia, representing a daughter of one of the partner in the firm, finds herself very attracted to her co-counsel, mostly because of his unorthodox approach of defending their client.
While Alicia is preparing in a case defending a scientist accused of arson, she is suddenly asked to testify on Peter's behalf.
Alicia is asked to represent a partner in the firm on a DUI charge. Her attention is split when she is suddenly forced to face the Other Woman.
When a judge overturns a simple plea deal that Alicia arranged, she looks into his motivation. Diane is made an offer she can't refuse.
Alicia learns more about Peter's fall from office when she represents Glenn Child's wife in her divorce appeal. Will and Emily an opposing counsel, get cozy during a death suit against a caustic TV commentator.
Alicia and the kids have to deal with some really bad news and then she has to give Peter some information that will make him furious. Alicia has to represent the doctor who prescribed the medication to a high school quarterback that appear to die from the painkiller overdose.
Tensions are high as Peter's appeal begins while Alicia has to defend a wealthy client who doesn't seem that innocent, even after he's found not guilty of murdering his wife. Diane takes precautions when a prisoner she put in jail is to be released from prison.
Alicia defends a man accused of killing his child's babysitter. Peter's appeal seems to be going well. Alicia prepares for the idea of him returning to her life.
Peter gets accustomed to life at home and works on a comeback strategy with his political team, including Eli Gold. Alicia and Diane wrestle with spousal privilege laws in a murder case that hinges on their ability to get a wife to testify against her husband.
Peter strategizes on how to handle his retrial and the next steps in his public rehabilitation. Alicia and Will defend an attorney charged with murder.
In an emergency courtroom set up in a hospital, Alicia and Will battle Patti Nyholm and an insurance company that refuses to pay for life-saving in-utero surgery. Alicia gives Peter a proper welcome home.
Alicia and Will defend a college student accused of killing her sorority sister while under the influence of a sleep aid. Diane and Kurt continue their flirtation.
When Alicia goes head-to-head in the courtroom with former boss Jonas Stern, she debates whether or not use personal information to her advantage. Peter uses religion to work on his appeal.
The police are quickly at the door when Peter's electronic monitor sounds after he chases Alicia out of the apartment. As a result, Grace and Zach scramble to figure out a way to keep him from being arrested.
The winner is announced in the competition between Alicia and Cary.
Eli works on getting Peter's charges dropped. Alicia defends a client and accused wife killer, who claims self defense after she finds him handcuffed to a dead woman.
At Eli's urging, Alicia must decide if she'll stand by her man during Peter's new political campaign, or if she'll pursue a relationship with Will instead.